45 Rpm: The History, Heroes and Villains of a Pop Music Revolution

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Hal Leonard Corporation, Oct 1, 2003 - Music - 176 pages
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(Book). In the 1950s and '60s, those shiny 45-rpm records with the big hole in the middle were the primary delivery system for popular American music, especially rock 'n' roll. Cheap to manufacture and available to even fly-by-night record operations, the "donut disc" changed the way popular music was written, recorded, promoted and marketed, and it broke at least for a time the iron-fisted dominance of the major record corporations. This book traces the 7-inch single's origins back to the 1880s, and explains the personality conflicts that led an eccentric genius to develop the 45 into one of postwar America's most popular consumer products. It explores how the jukebox, the autonomous disc jockey, and payola and artist rip-offs kept the 45 at the forefront of rock for 20 years. There are also chapters on the most valuable (and legendary) 45s of all time, as well as the oddities, oddballs and freak hits that make listening to 45s so much fun. With over 80 illustrations many in full color.
 

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Contents

Record Revolutions
7
Columbia Unveils the LP
9
Getting Up to Speed
16
The Battle of Speeds
24
The Kiddie Discs
32
The Jukebox Saves the Day
35
The 45 Takes Over
41
The EP
46
The 7Inch Alternatives
110
The 12Inch Single
116
The End of the Single
122
The 45 Will Rise Again
127
The 50 Most Expensive 45s
134
Odd Lots Odd Balls Odds n Ends
150
SOURCES
166
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
169

The Record Store
57
Hot Biscuits How to Make a 45
72
Stormy Weather The Most Legendary 45
77
ASides Free Rides Killer Bs
97
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
170
INDEX
171
Copyright

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