50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000

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National Academies Press, Jan 3, 2000 - Science - 276 pages
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This book describes the development of ocean sciences over the past 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the National Science Foundation (NSF) to the field's progress. Many of the individuals who participated in the exciting discoveries in biological oceanography, chemical oceanography, physical oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe in the book how the discoveries were made possible by combinations of insightful individuals, new technology, and in some cases, serendipity.

In addition to describing the advance of ocean science, the book examines the institutional structures and technology that made the advances possible and presents visions of the field's future. This book is the first-ever documentation of the history of NSF‚€™s Division of Ocean Sciences, how the structure of the division evolved to its present form, and the individuals who have been responsible for ocean sciences at NSF as ‚€œrotators‚€ and career staff over the past 50 years.

 

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Contents

The Emergence of the National Science Foundation as a Supporter of Ocean Sciences in the United States
3
Achievements in Biological Oceanography
11
Achievements in Chemical Oceanography
22
Achievements in Physical Oceanography
44
Achievements in Marine Geology and Geophysics
51
The Beginnings of ALVIN as a Tool of Basic Research and Introduction of Featured Speaker Dr Robert D Ballard
65
The History of Woods Holes Deep Submergence Program
67
A Chronology of the Early Development of Ocean Sciences at NSF
87
Shifting Perspectives in Ocean Ecology
184
Toward an Integrated Approach1
192
History Purpose and Prognosis
195
Evolving Institutional Arrangements for US Ocean Sciences
201
NSFs Commitment to the Deep
207
Fifty Years of Ocean Discovery
210
Argo to ARGO
212
The Importance of Ocean Sciences to Society
214

Early Evolution
93
An Administrative History
96
The Birth of UNOLS
107
Scientific Ocean Drilling from AMSOC to COMPOST
117
Technology Development for Ocean Sciences at NSF
128
The Great Importance of Small Science Programs
137
19501980
141
IDOE Through Global Change
149
Ocean Chemistry
152
The Future of Ocean Chemistry in the United States1
169
A Summary1
172
APPENDIX A Symposium Program
219
APPENDIX B Symposium Participants
223
APPENDIX C Poster Session
233
Senior Science Staff Rotators IPAs and Visiting Scientists
235
APPENDIX E Support of Ocean Sciences at NSF from 1966 to 1999
247
APPENDIX F Organizational Charts
250
APPENDIX G NRC Project Oversight
258
APPENDIX H Acronyms
259
Index
263
Plates
271
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