5 Steps to a 5 AP Psychology Flashcards

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McGraw Hill Professional, Dec 23, 2011 - Psychology - 612 pages
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Skill-building flashcards that provide 600 essential AP terms for easy memorization using the convenience of on-the-go study

5 Steps to a 5: AP Psychology Flashcards features 600 key terms that expert author Laura Maitland has selected as ones that frequently appear on AP Psychology exams. This extra tool increases your knowledge and helps you achieve up to a maximum 5 score. You now have an additional way to master the key terms that are the basis of AP Psychology success, delivered in a format that is convenient for your lifestyle.

Features:

  • One term per card, so you can put the words in the order you desire
  • Bulleted list of key information for each term
 

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Contents

Sex
Sexual Orientation
Sexual Response Cycle
Social Motives
Need for Achievement
Affiliation Motive
Intrinsic Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation

Cognitive Approach
Evolutionary Approach
Sociocultural Approach
SubfieldsDivisions of Psychology
Experiment
Hypothesis
Population
Random Selection
Experimental Group
Random Assignment
Confounding Variables
Demand Characteristics
Placebo
QuasiExperiment
Naturalistic Observation
Tests
Surveys
Case Studies
Reliability
Quantitative Data
Statistics
Descriptive Statistics
Central Tendency
Normal Distribution
Skewed Distribution
Measures of Variability
Standard Score
Correlation Coefficient
Inferential Statistics
Ethical Guidelines
Neuropsychologists
Lesions
Computerized Axial Tomography CAT or CT
Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI
Electroencephalogram EEG
Positron Emission Tomography PET
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging fMRI
Central Nervous System CNS
Peripheral Nervous System PNS
Autonomic Nervous System ANS
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Spinal Cord
Brain
Evolutionary Model of Brain
Developmental Model of Brain
Medulla Oblongata
Pons
Cerebellum
Basal Ganglia
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Amygdala
Hippocampus
Cerebral Cortex
Occipital Lobes
Parietal Lobes
Frontal Lobes
Temporal Lobes
Association Areas
Glial Cells or Glia
Neuron
Cell Body or Cyton
Dendrites
Axon
Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine ACh
Dopamine
Glutamate
Serotonin
Endorphins
GABA or GammaAminobutyric Acid
Synapse
Action Potential or Impulse
AllorNone Principle
Reflex Arc
Sensory Receptor
Sensory Neuron
Interneuron
Motor Neuron
Endocrine System
Hormone
Pineal Gland
Pituitary Gland Master Gland
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroids
Adrenal Glands
Pancreas
Ovaries and Testes
Identical Twins Monozygotic Twins
Fraternal Twins Dizygotic Twins
Heritability
Chromosome
Chromosomal Mutations
Genotype
Phenotype
TaySachs Syndrome
Albinism
Phenylketonuria PKU
Huntingtons Disease
SexLinked Trait
Psychophysics
Down Syndrome
Gene
Sensation
Stimulus
Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
Webers Law
Subliminal Stimulation
Transduction
Perception
Visual Pathway Through Eye
Accommodation
Photoreceptors
Visual Pathway to Brain
Blind Spot
Parallel Processing
Trichromatic Theory
OpponentProcess Theory
Sensory Adaptation
Attention
Audition
Timbre
Pathway Through Ear
Auditory Pathway Through the Brain
Theories of Audition
Deafness
Somatosensation Tactile Sensations
Skin Sensation Pathway Through NS
Gate Control Theory of Pain
Body Senses
Gustation Taste
Olfaction Sense of Smell
BottomUp Processing
TopDown Processing
Gestalt Organizing Principles
Perceptual Constancy
Visual Capture
Depth Perception
Optical or Visual Illusions
Schema
ESP Extrasensory Perception
Consciousness
Preconscious
Unconscious Subconscious
Dark Adaptation
Circadian Rhythms
Reticular Formation or Reticular Activating System RAS
Sleep
REM Sleep Rapid Eye Movement Sleep
Sleep Disorders
Freudian Theory of Dreams
ActivationSynthesis Theory of Dreams
Daydreaming
Hypnosis
Meditation
Psychoactive Drug
Depressants
Alcohol
Narcotics
Stimulants
Hallucinogens Psychedelics
Psychological Dependence
Addiction Physiological Dependence
Learning
Classical Conditioning
Classical Conditioning Stimuli
Classical Conditioning Responses
Classical Conditioning Acquisition Paradigm
Classical Conditioning Strength Contiguity Model
Generalization
Discrimination in Conditioning
Higher Order Conditioning
Aversive Conditioning
Extinction
Instrumental Learning
Law of Effect
Operant Conditioning Used by B F Skinner
Positive Reinforcement
Premack Principle
Negative Reinforcement
Punishment
Omission Training
Shaping in Operant Conditioning
Reinforcement Schedules in Operant Conditioning
Partial Reinforcement Schedules in Operant Conditioning
Ratio Reinforcement Schedules
Interval Reinforcement Schedules
Superstitious Behaviors
Behavior Modification
Biological Preparedness
Garcia Effect
Instinctive Drift
Contingency Theory of Learning
Latent Learning
Insight Learning
Social Cognitive Learning Observational Learning
Cognition
Memory
Information Processing Model of Memory
Levels of Processing Semantic Network Theory
SelfReferent Encoding
AtkinsonShiffrin ThreeStage Model of Memory
Sensory Memory AtkinsonShiffrin Model
Processing into ShortTerm Memory AtkinsonShiffrin Model
ShortTerm Memory AtkinsonShiffrin Model
Working Memory Model Baddeleys Model
Feature Extraction Pattern Recognition
Mnemonic Devices
LongTerm Memory LTM
Explicit Memory in LTM
Implicit Memory in LTM
Organization of Information in LTM
Hierarchies in LTM
Semantic Networks in LTM
Schemas in LTM
Connectionist Networks in LTM
Flashbulb Memory
Artificial Intelligence AI
Neural Network Model
LongTerm Potentiation LTP
Memory in the Brain
Retrieval
Recognition
Recall
Reconstruction
Misinformation Effect
Serial Position Effect
Encoding Specificity Principle
ContextDependent Memory
Mood Congruence
StateDependent Memory Effect
Distributed Practice
Massed Practice
Forgetting
Interference
Repression
TipoftheTongue Phenomenon
Anterograde Amnesia
Retrograde Amnesia
Overlearning
Metacognition
Trial and Error
Algorithm
Heuristic
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Mental Sets
Functional Fixedness
Availability Heuristic
Representativeness Heuristic
Framing Effect
Anchoring Effect
Confirmation Bias
Belief Bias
Belief Perseverance
Hindsight Bias
Overconfi dence Bias
Creativity
Incubation
Brainstorming
Divergent Thinking
Convergent Thinking
Language
Phoneme
Morpheme
Grammar
Syntax
Semantics
Babbling
Holophrase
Telegraphic Speech
Overgeneralization or Overregularization
Behavioral Perspective of Language Development
Nativist Perspective of Language Development
Social Interactivist Perspective of Language Development
Whorfs Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis
Motive
Instinct Theory of Motivation
Drive Reduction Theory of Motivation
Incentive Theory of Motivation
Arousal Theory of Motivation
YerkesDodson Law
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs
Physiological Motives
Hunger
Set Point
Anorexia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa
Thirst
Pain
Overjustification Effect
Social Conflict Situations
ApproachApproach Conflicts
AvoidanceAvoidance Conflicts
ApproachAvoidance Conflicts
Multiple ApproachAvoidance Conflicts
Emotions
Dimensions of Emotion
Evolutionary Theory of Emotions
JamesLange Theory of Emotions
CannonBard Theory of Emotions
OpponentProcess Theory of Emotions
SchachterSinger TwoFactor Theory of Emotions
CognitiveAppraisal Theory of Emotions
Health Psychology
Stress
Selyes General Adaptation Syndrome
Catastrophes
Significant Life Events
Daily Hassles
Personalities
Personalities
Adaptive Coping Strategies
Maladaptive Coping Strategies
Developmental Psychology
ContinuityDiscontinuity Controversy
StabilityChange Controversy
Research Methods to Assess Change Over Time
Cohort Effect
Physical Development
Critical Period
Prenatal Development
Teratogen
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome FAS
Neonate
Neonatal Reflexes
Habituation
Puberty
Menopause
Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development
Sensorimotor Stage of Piagets Theory
Preoperational Stage of Piagets Theory
Concrete Operational Stage of Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development
Formal Operational Stage of Piagets Cognitive Development
Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive Development of Lev Vygotsky
Zone of Proximal Development ZPD
Alzheimers Disease
Moral Development
Preconventional Level of Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development
Conventional Level of Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development
Postconventional Level of Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development
Social Development
Culture
Attachment
Types of Attachment
Temperament
SelfAwareness
Social Referencing
Parenting Styles
Eriksons Stage Theory of Psychosocial Development
Eriksons Early Stages of Psychosocial Development
Eriksons Middle Stages of Psychosocial Development
Eriksons Late Stages of Psychosocial Development
Gender Development
Gender Stability
Gender Schema
Personality
Idiographic Methods
Nomothetic Methods
Id
Ego
Superego
Defense Mechanisms
Regression
Rationalization
Projection
Displacement
Reaction Formation
Sublimation
Freuds Theory of Psychosexual Development
Oral Stage of Development
Anal Stage of Development
Phallic Stage of Development
Latency Stage of Development
Genital Stage of Development
Jungs Analytic Theory of Personality
Collective Unconscious
Individuation
Inferiority Complex
Womb Envy
SelfActualization
Unconditional Positive Regard
Personal Construct Theory
Reciprocal Determinism
SelfEfficacy
Collective Efficacy
Internal Locus of Control
External Locus of Control
Mischels CognitiveAffective Personality System CAPS
Behavioral Signatures
Trait Theory
Allports Trait Theory
Factor Analysis
Eysencks Personality Dimensions
Cattells Sixteen Personality Factors
FiveFactor Model of Personality
Assessment Techniques to Measure Personality
Halo Effect
Hawthorne Effect
Projective Personality Tests
SelfReport Methods to Assess Personality
SelfReport Methods to Assess Personality continued
SelfConcept
SelfEsteem
Archetypes
Psychometricians
Constructs
Standardization
Norms
Validity
Other Measures of Validity
Construct Validity
Performance Tests
Observational Tests
SelfReport Tests
Aptitude
Achievement Tests
Intelligence
Horn and Cattells Two Intelligence Factors
Gardners Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Emotional Intelligence
Sternbergs Triarchic Intelligence Theory
Flynn Effect
Twin Studies of Intelligence
Stereotype Threat
Abnormal Behavior
Causes of Abnormal Behavior by Psychological Perspective
Causes of Abnormal Behavior by Psychological Perspective continued
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual DSM IVTR
Anxiety Disorders
Panic Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Phobias
ObsessiveCompulsive Disorder OCD
PostTraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD
Somatoform Disorders
Somatization Disorder
Conversion Disorder
Hypochondriasis
Dissociative Disorders
Dissociative Amnesia
Dissociative Fugue
Dissociative Identity Disorder DID
Mood Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder
Seasonal Affective Disorder SAD
Bipolar Disorder
Learned Helplessness
Psychosis
Schizophrenia
Delusions
Hallucinations
Disorganized Schizophrenia
Paranoid Schizophrenia
Catatonic Schizophrenia
Simple Schizophrenia
Personality Disorders
OddEccentric Personality Disorders
DramaticEmotionally Problematic Personality Disorders
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Chronic FearfulnessAvoidant Personality Disorders
Developmental Disorders
AttentionDeficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD
Autism
Psychiatrist
Clinical Psychologist
Counseling Psychologists
Psychoanalysts
Clinical or Psychiatric Social Workers
ThirdParty Providers
Deinstitutionalization
MetaAnalysis
Insight Therapies
Psychoanalysis
Free Association
Dream Analysis
Freudian Slips
Resistance
Transference
Catharsis
Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
Interpersonal Psychotherapy
Humanistic Therapies
ClientCentered Nondirective Therapy
Active Listening
Gestalt Therapy
Behavior Therapies
Systematic Desensitization
Anxiety Hierarchy
Flooding
Aversive Conditioning
Contingency Management Techniques
Social Skills Training
Modeling
Biofeedback
CognitiveBehavioral Therapies
Cognitive Restructuring
Rational Emotive Therapy RET
Cognitive Triad Therapy
BiologicalBiomedical Treatments
Psychopharmacotherapy
Anxiolytics
Antidepressants
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors MAOIs
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors SSRIs
NonSSRIs or Atypical Antidepressants
Psychotropic Drugs for Bipolar Disorder
Antipsychotics or Neuroleptics
Tardive Dyskinesia
Electroconvulsive Shock Treatment ECT
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation rTMS
Psychosurgery
Prefrontal Lobotomy
Group Therapy
Couples and Family Therapy
SelfHelp Groups
Community Psychologists
Social Psychology
Social Group
Social Norms
Roles
Zimbardo Prison Study
Social Loafing
Deindividuation
Social Facilitation
Social Impairment
Group Polarization
Groupthink
Minority Influence
Bystander Intervention
Bystander Effect
Diffusion of Responsibility
Latane and Darley Study
Altruism
Social Cognition
Attribution Theory
Dispositional Factors or Attributions
Situational Factors or Attributions
SelfServing Bias
Fundamental Attribution Error
ActorObserver Bias
JustWorld Phenomenon
SelfFulfilling Prophecy
Rosenthal and Jacobsen Bloomer Study
InGroups
OutGroups
Prejudice
Discrimination
Stereotypes
Scapegoat Theory
Ethnocentrism
OutGroup Homogeneity
Contact Theory
Superordinate Goal
Sherif Experiments in Group Conflict
Ethnic Group
Cultural Group
Aronson and Gonzalez Racism Study
Jigsaw Cooperative Learning
IndustrialOrganizational Psychologists
Social Exchange Theory
Friendships
Physical Attractiveness
Mere Exposure Effect
Asch Conformity Study
Normative Social Influence
Informational Social Influence
Compliance
FootintheDoor Phenomenon
Reciprocity
Milgram Obedience to Authority Study
LowBall Technique
DoorintheFace Phenomenon
Attitudes
Persuasion
Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion
The Central Route of Persuasion
The Peripheral Route of Persuasion
Cognitive Dissonance
Festinger Study of Cognitive Dissonance
Aggression
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About the author (2011)

Laura Lincoln Maitland teaches AP Psychology at the Bellmore-Merrick Central High School District and is the science chairperson.

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