5 Steps to a 5 AP U.S. Government and Politics Flashcards

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McGraw Hill Professional, Feb 2, 2011 - Study Aids - 608 pages
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Skill-building flashcards that provide 600 essential AP terms for easy memorization using the convenience of on-the-go study

5 Steps to a 5: AP U.S. Government and Politics Flashcards features 600 key terms that expert author Pamela Lamb has selected as ones that frequently appear on AP U.S. Government and Politics exams. This extra tool increases your knowledge and helps you achieve up to a maximum 5 score. You now have an additional way to master the key terms that are the basis of AP U.S. Government and Politics success, delivered in a format that is convenient for your lifestyle.

Features:

  • One term per card, so you can put the words in the order you desire
  • Bulleted list of key information for each term

Topics include: Architecture and Development of U.S. Government • Federalism • Political Culture • Political Parties • Voting and Elections • Interest Groups and the Mass Media • The Legislative Branch • The Executive Branch and the Bureaucracy • The National Judiciary • Civil Liberties and Civil Rights • The Politics and Public Policymaking

 

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Contents

Leadership of the Senate
Vice Presidents Role in the Senate
Leadership of the House
Speaker of the House
Role of the Speaker of the House
Floor Leaders
Majority Leader
Minority Leader

Representative Democracy
Republic
Natural Rights
Social Contract Theory
Limited Government
Constitution
Popular Sovereignty
Magna Carta
Petition of Right
Mayflower Compact
House of Burgesses
John Locke
First Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
Shays Rebellion
Constitutional Convention
Ratification
Connecticut Compromise
Bicameral Legislature
Unicameral Legislature
ThreeFifths Compromise
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
US Constitution
Parts of US Constitution
Ratification of US Constitution
Federalists
AntiFederalists
Federalist Papers
Process for Amending Constitution
Amendments to US Constitution
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Fourteenth Amendment
Basic Principles of US Government
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Three Branches of US Government
CharlesLouis Montesquieu
Concepts of How US Government Works
Pluralism
Hyperpluralism
Federalism
Why Federalism in US
Powers of Federal Government
Delegated Powers
Implied Powers
Necessary and Proper Clause
Inherent Powers
Concurrent Powers
Reserved Powers
Prohibited Powers
Relations Between States
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Privileges and Immunities Clause
Extradition
Interstate Compacts
Constitutional Guarantees to States
Supremacy of Federal Government
Supremacy Clause
McCulloch v Maryland 1819
Gibbons v Ogden 1824
Power to Regulate Interstate Commerce
Evolving Ideas of Federalism
Dual Federalism
Cooperative Federalism
New Federalism
Devolution
Fiscal Federalism
GrantsinAid
Categorical Grants
Block Grants
Revenue Sharing
Mandates
Enforcement of Mandates
Unfunded Mandates
Advantages of Federalism
Disadvantages of Federalism
Political Culture
Basic Values of US Political Culture
Political Socialization
Public Opinion
Public Opinion Polling
Sampling
Straw Polls
Accuracy in Public Opinion Polling
Ideology
Liberal
Moderate
Conservative
Radical
Reactionary
Political Spectrum
Shifts in the Political Spectrum
Opinion Leaders
Political Party
Common Usages of Political Party
Party Organization
OneParty System
TwoParty System
Multiparty System
Coalition Government
US TwoParty System
AdvantagesDisadvantages of TwoParty System
Two Systems to Allocate Party Representation
SingleMember Districts
Proportional Representation
Activities of Political Parties in US
Party Membership
Independent
Influences on Party Membership
Political Parties and the Constitution
Emergence of Political Parties
Federalist Party
Democratic Party preCivil War
Whig Party
Republican Party
Democratic Party postCivil War
New Deal Coalition
Divided Government
Gridlock
Electoral Realignment
Electoral Dealignment
Critical Election
Dealigning Election
Third Parties
Third Party Contribution to US Politics
Third Party Role as Spoiler
Types of Third Parties
Ideological Parties
Splinter Parties
Examples of Splinter Parties
SingleIssue Parties
Protest Parties
Structure of US Political Parties
Political Party Leadership
Party Platform
National Committee
National Chairperson
Seniority System
Congressional Campaign Committees
State and Local Organization
SplitTicket Voting
StraightTicket Voting
Role of Political Parties in Governing
Suffrage
Universal Suffrage
Suffrage and US Constitution
Extension of Suffrage Before Civil War
Extension of Suffrage After Civil War
Fifteenth Amendment
Nineteenth Amendment
Woman Suffrage Movement
TwentySixth Amendment
TwentyThird Amendment
Literacy Test
Poll Tax
Popular Vote
Electorate
Candidate Voting v Issue Voting
IssuePolicy Voting
Referendum
AtLarge
Initiative
Candidate Voting
Ways of Participating in an Election
Sampling Error
Two Types of Elections
Primary Election
Types of Primary Elections
FrontLoading
General Election
Runoff Election
Majority v Plurality
Special Election
Nonpartisan Elections
MidTerm or OffYear Election
Coattail Effect
Recall Election
Progressive Movement
Federal Election Laws
State Election Laws
Voter Turnout
Trends in US Voter Turnout
Attitudes Producing Low Voter Turnout
Political Efficacy
Political Apathy
Groups with Below Average Turnout
Groups with Above Average Turnout
Voter Registration Process
Efforts to Increase Voter Turnout
GetOutTheVote
Motor Voter Law
Campaign Finance
Campaign Finance Reform Laws
Federal Election Campaigning Act FECA
Buckley v Valeo 1976
Federal Election Commission FEC
Political Action Committee PAC
Limits on Campaign Contributions
Soft Money
Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act BCFRA
527 Political Organizations
Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns
Campaign FundRaising Summary
Election of President
Beginning a Campaign for President
National Convention
Selecting Delegates to National Convention
Caucuses
Presidential Preference Primary
Campaign for the Presidency
Swing States
Popular Vote for President
Electoral College
MakeUp of the Electoral College
WinnerTakeAll System
Electoral College Process
When the House Picks the President
AdvantagesDisadvantages of Electoral College
Elections in Historical Perspective
Maintaining Elections
Deviating Elections
Realigning Elections
Interest Group
Membership in Interest Groups
Functions of Interest Groups
Economic Interest Groups
Interest Groups That Promote Causes
Strategies of Interest Groups
How Interest Groups Influence Elections
Lobbying
Types of Lobbying
Direct Lobbying
Lobbyist
Grassroots Lobbying
Coalition Lobbying
How Interest Groups Use Litigation
How Interest Groups Build Public Support
Regulation of Interest Groups
Mass Media
Purpose of Mass Media in a Democracy
Mass Media and Changes in Technology
Current Trends in US Mass Media
Print Media
Radio
Television
Rise of Cable TV
Internet
Development of Multiple News ProgramsSites
Roles of the Mass Media in Politics
Media Ownership
Government Regulation of the Media
Federal Communications Commission FCC
Federal Regulation of Broadcast Media
Media Gatekeepers
HorseRace Journalism
SoundBite Journalism
Media Events
News Media and the President
Press Corps
Leaks to News Media
Off the RecordOn the Record
News Media and Congress
Interest Groups and News Media
Article I US Constitution
US Congress
US Senate
Term of Office for a Senator
Election of Senators
Qualifications for Senators
US House of Representatives
Term of Office for a Representative
Qualifications for Representatives
Congressional District
Apportionment
Reapportionment
US Census
Congressional Redistricting
Baker v Carr 1862
Gerrymandering
Incumbency Effect
Reasons for Incumbency Effect
Term Limits
Open Seat
Sessions of Congress
Constituent
Two Concepts of Representation
Constituent Casework
Key Roles of Members of Congress
Influences on Members of Congress
President Pro Tempore of the Senate
Committee System in Congress
Pros and Cons of Committee System
Standing Committee
Subcommittees
Select Committee
Joint Committee
Conference Committee
Caucus
Committee Assignments
Power of Committee Chairs
Seniority System in Congress
Pros and Cons of Seniority System
Legislative Powers of Congress
Bills
How a Bill Becomes a Law
Committee Action on Bills
Action by Full HouseSenate on Bills
Reconciliation of House and Senate Bills
Presidential Action on Bills
Rules Committee
Filibuster
Cloture
Riders
Markup
Power of the Purse
Passing the Federal Budget
Carrying out the Budget
Congressional Budgetary Process
Authorization Process
Appropriations Process
Appropriations Committee
Continuing Resolution
Pork Barrel Legislation
Logrolling
Earmark
Nonlegislative Powers of Congress
Investigative Powers of Congress
Executive Powers of Congress
Constitutional Amendment Powers
Impeachment Powers of Congress
Impeachment Process in Congress
Privileges of Members of Congress
Support Services for Members of Congress
Legislative Veto
Chief Criticisms of Congress
Congressional Checks on Executive Branch
Legislative Checks on Judicial Branch
Article II US Constitution
Qualifications for President
Traditional Background of President
Term of President
TwentySecond Amendment
Selection of Electoral College
No Winner in Electoral College
Pros and Cons of Electoral College
Proposal to Reform Electoral College
Powers of President
Executive Agreement
Executive Order
Line Item Veto
Executive Powers of President
Legislative Powers of President
Diplomatic Powers of the President
Military Powers of the President
Judicial Powers of the President
Informal Powers of the President
Presidential Veto
Impoundment
Recess Appointments
War Powers Act
Impeachment of President
Grounds for Impeachment of President
Presidents Who Have Been Impeached
Pardon
Executive Privilege
US v Nixon 1974
Death of President
President Unable to Perform Duties
Disagreement Over Presidents Ability to Perform Duties
TwentyFifth Amendment
Role of Vice President
Selection of Vice President
Qualifications for Vice President
Factors in Selecting a Running Mate
Naming Vice President if Office Vacant
Vice Presidents Who Were Not Elected
Bureaucracy
Characteristics of Federal Bureaucracy
Bureaucratic Theory
Patronage
Spoils System
Civil Service System
Hatch Act
Influences on the Bureaucracy
Iron Triangles
Composition of Federal Bureaucracy
Departments of Federal Government
Cabinet
Independent Agencies
Independent Regulatory Commissions
Government Corporations
Department of State 1789
Department of the Treasury 1789
Department of Defense 1789
Department of Interior 1849
Department of Justice 1870
Department of Agriculture 1889
Department of Commerce 1903
Department of Labor 1913
Department of Health and Human Services 1953
Department of Housing and Urban Development 1965
Department of Transportation 1967
Department of Energy 1977
Department of Education 1979
Department of Veterans Affairs 1989
Department of Homeland Security 2002
Executive Office of the President
National Security Council
Presidential Checks on Judicial Branch
Executive Checks on Legislative Branch
Jurisdiction
Jurisdictions under Federalism
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
Original Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction in Federal Courts
Appellate Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction in Federal Courts
Structure of Federal Court System
US District Courts
US Courts of Appeal
Article III US Constitution
Number of Supreme Court Justices
FDRs CourtPacking Plan
Chief Justice of Supreme Court
Selection of Federal Judges
Constitutional Qualifications for Federal Judges
Term of Office for Federal Judges
Selection of District Court Judges
Senatorial Courtesy
Selection of Courts of Appeals Judges
Selection of Supreme Court Justices
What President Looks for in a Justice
Background of Supreme Court Justices
Litmus Test for Supreme Court Nominees
Marbury v Madison 1803
Judicial Review
Martin v Hunters Lessee 1816
Enforcement of Supreme Court Rulings
Worcester v Georgia 1832
Legislative Courts
Constitutional Courts
Oral Arguments
Term of Supreme Court
Number of Cases Appealed to Supreme Court
Reasons Supreme Court Refuses Cases
Rule of Four
Brief Orders
Writ of Certiorari
Brief
Amicus Curiae Brief
Written Opinions
Majority Opinion
Concurring Opinion
Dissenting Opinion
Precedents
Judicial Activism
Judicial Restraint
Warren Court
Burger Court
RehnquistRoberts Court
Judicial Checks on Legislative Branch
Judicial Checks on Executive Branch
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Rasul v Bush and Al Odah v US 2004
Bill of Attainer
Establishment Clause
Engel v Vitale 1962
Extending Engel v Vitale 1963
Edwards v Aguillard 1987
Westside Community Schools v Mergens 1990
Zelman v SimmonsHarris 2002
Free Exercise Clause
Reynolds v United States 1879
Wisconsin v Yoder 1972
Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye v City of Hialeah 1993
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Freedom of Speech
Burstyn v Wilson 1952
Limitations on Freedom of Speech
Chaplinsky v New Hampshire 1942
Miller v California 1973
Reno v ACLU 1997
Symbolic Speech
Tinker v Des Moines 1969
Texas v Johnson 1989
Sedition
Schenck v United States 1919
Brandenburg v Ohio 1969
First Amendment and the States
Due Process Clause
Gitlow v New York 1925
Incorporation
Incorporation Doctrine
Freedom of the Press
Near v Minnesota 1931
Prior Restraint
New York Times v United States 1971
New York Times v Sullivan 1964
Freedom of Assembly and Petition
Limitations of Freedom of Assembly
Property Rights
Due Process of Law
Substantive Due Process
Procedural Due Process
Eminent Domain
Just Compensation Clause
Kelo v City of New London 2005
Right to Bear Arms
Interpretation of Second Amendment
District of Columbia v Heller 2008
Implications of District of Columbia v Heller 2008
Right to Privacy
Ninth Amendment
Griswold v Connecticut 1965
Roe v Wade 1973
Controversy over Roe v Wade
Lawrence v Texas 2003
Rights of the Accused
Unreasonable Search and Seizure
Mapp v Ohio 1961
Exclusionary Rule
Protection from SelfIncrimination
Miranda v Arizona 1966
Protection from Double Jeopardy
Right to an Attorney
Gideon v Wainwright 1963
Sixth Amendment Rights
Right to Trial by Jury
Norris v Alabama 1935
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Constitutionality of Death Penalty
Civil Rights
Civil Rights Movement
Slavery to Freedom
Equal Protection Clause
Discrimination Against African Americans
Black Codes
Brown v Board of Education 1954
TwentyFourth Amendment
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Loving v Virginia 1967
Womens Movement
Women and Civil Rights Act of 1964
Reed v Reed 1971
Legislative Achievements of Womens Movement
Internment of Japanese Americans
Korematsu v US 1944
Implications of Korematsu v US
Affirmative Action
Regents of the University of California v Bakke 1978
Agenda Setting
Public Policy
Making Public Policy
Legislation
Federal Regulations
Environmental Impacts Statement
Federal Budget
Entitlement Program
Courts and Public Policy Formation
Constitutional Law
Rulemaking Authority
Process of Creating Federal Regulations
Advance Notice
Proposed Rule
Public Comment
Final Rule
Federal Register
Administrative Law
Budgetary Process
Deficit Spending
National Debt
Mandatory Spending
Discretionary Spending
Fiscal Policy
Monetary Policy
Federal Reserve Board
Incrementalism
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Pamela K. Lamb teaches AP U.S. government and politics at Del Rio High School and is a reader of AP tests in history, government, and economics.

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