6,000 Years of Housing

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W. W. Norton & Company, Jun 24, 2003 - Architecture - 502 pages
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[T]his fascinating survey...any designer or builder who deals with housing would find a use for this book.' —Fine Homebuilding

'This is as essential reference to anyone in the field of housing, beautifully illustrated in the hand of the author.' —Moshe Safdie and Associates, Inc.

Part architecture, part history, and part anthropology, this encyclopedic book limns the story of housing around the world from the pre-urban dwellings of nomadic, semi-nomadic, and sedentary agricultural societies to the present. Ancient urban dwellings were inward-looking, ranged around a courtyard. Until fairly recently, these dwelling types survived in indigenous urban house forms in the Islamic world, India, China, and the Iberian peninsula and Latin America. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, however, outward-looking house forms replaced the ancient form in most of Europe and the New World.

In the Middle Ages houses served both as homes and as places of work, but gradually the domestic and business lives of the inhabitants became separate. In the wake of the Industrial Revolution, profound changes in the residential development of the western world occurred: housing became segregated along socioeconomic lines and dwelling types polarized, with low-density, single-family houses at one extreme, and tall, high-density, multifamily tenements and apartments at the other. Side effects of America’s automobile-intensive suburban dream housing include inefficient land use, pollution, and urban decay. 6,000 Years of Housing chronicles how this came about, and suggests solutions based on a rich variety of historical precedents.
 

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Contents

Preface
9
Episodic or Irregular Temporary
22
Erigbaagtsa and Cubeo Maloca
36
Navaho Hogan and Ramada
49
Permanent Dwellings
73
New England Homesteads
87
Ancient Civilizations
100
China
119
Rothenburg ob der Tauber
248
Salisbury
254
The Age of the Renaissance
267
The Town House
282
TwentiethCentury Housing
344
Arts and Crafts in North America
356
Art Nouveau
369
Housing Between the Two World Wars
382

The Roman Atrium House
136
The Traditional Urban House
181
Udaipur
188
The Beijing House
196
The Japanese Urban House
204
c
213
The Emergence of Medieval Cities
223
The Early Medieval Urban Dwelling
229
Dubrovnik
240
CourtGarden Homes
422
HighRise Luxury Apartments
432
Point Blocks
442
MidRise Housing
452
Collective Habitation and Communal Dwellings
460
Residential Conversions
466
Conclusion
472
Acknowledgments
487

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About the author (2003)

Norbert Schoenauer is Macdonald Emeritus Professor of Architecture at McGill University. He lives in Montreal.

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