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able actual advantage aerial aerial warfare aero Aeronautical Arm aeroplane air fleet airship altitude ammunition armament armour army artillery attack battle battleship become belligerent bomb British bullet cavalry concentration considerable cruiser David Henderson defence difficulty direction dirigible duties effective employed employment enemy enemy's equal explosive fact factor favourable fighting machine fighting strength fighting value fighting-machine fire flying flying-machine force Fourth Arm future gun-fire gunner high altitude hostile aircraft importance James Forrest less Lewis gun limit low altitude machine-gun matter maximum means miles miles per hour military n-square law naval Navy necessary neutral numerical strength operations ordinary position possible present projectile question radius of action raids range recoil reconnaissance represented rifle Royal Aircraft Factory salvo scheme scout service rifle shell ships speed squadrons strategic submarine sufficient tactical territory to-day torpedo velocity vessel warfare weapon weight
Page 71 - Employing bullets which expand or flatten easily in the human body, such as bullets with a hard envelope which does not entirely cover the core or is pierced with incisions; xx.
Page 47 - To accept without reserve the mere "counting of pieces" as of value, and to deny the more extended application of mathematical theory, is as illogical and unintelligent as to accept broadly and indiscriminately the balance and the weighing-machine as instruments of precision, but to decline to permit in the latter case any allowance for the known inequality of leverage.
Page 42 - Conditions Investigated. Now let us take the modern conditions. If, again, we assume equal individual fighting value, and the combatants otherwise (as to "cover," etc.) on terms of equality, each man will in a given time score, on an average, a certain number of hits that are effective; consequently, the number of men knocked out per unit time will be directly proportional to the numerical strength of the opposing force. Putting this in mathematical language, and employing symbol b to represent the...
Page 48 - It is easy to show that this expression (5) may be interpreted more generally ; the fighting strength of a force may be broadly defined as proportional to the square of its numerical strength multiplied by the fighting value of • its individual units.
Page 187 - ... kind in the rear of the enemy's lines would cease to exist: rolling stock and mechanical transport would be destroyed ; no bridge would be allowed to stand for 24 hours; railway junctions would be subject to continuous bombardment, and the lines of railway and the roads themselves broken up nightly by giant bombs to such an extent as to baffle all attempts to maintain or restore communication.
Page xiii - ... or fleet of aeronautical machines. If this should prove true, the number of flying-machines eventually to be utilized by any of the great military Powers will be counted not by hundreds but by thousands, and possibly by tens of thousands, and the issue of any great battle will be definitely determined by the efficiency of the Aeronautical Forces. 1. THE AIR CONSIDERED AS THE
Page 70 - The Contracting Parties engage mutually to renounce, in case of war among themselves, the employment by their military or naval troops of any projectile of a weight below 400 grammes (14 ounces) which is either explosive or charged with fulminating or inflammable substances.
Page 61 - ... single fleet of equal total fighting strength, in the proportion of the total numbers engaged — that is to say, in Figure 8, in the proportion that the two sides of the right-angled triangle are greater than the hypotenuse. In brief, however potent political or geographical influences or reasons may be, it is questionable whether under any circumstances it can be considered sound strategy to divide the main battle fleet on which the defence of a country depends. This is to-day the accepted...
Page 42 - Figure 1 (a) graphs are given representing the case of the "Blue" force 1,000 strong encountering a section of the "Red" force 500 strong, and it will be seen that the "Red...
Page 42 - Blue" force of 1,000 men meet a "Red" force of 1,000 men in a single pitched battle, or whether the whole "Blue" force concentrates on 500 of the "Red" force, and, having annihilated them, turns its attention to the other half; there will, presuming the "Reds...