A Behavior Analytic View of Child Development

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 31, 1995 - Psychology - 264 pages
Author Henry D. Schlinger, Jr., provides the first text to demonstrate how behavior analysis-a natural science approach to human behavior-can be used to understand existing research in child development. The text presents a behavior-analytic interpretation of fundamental research in mainstream developmental psychology, offering a unified theoretical understanding of child development. Chapters examine mnemonic, motor, perceptual, cognitive, language, and social development.
 

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Contents

SCIENCE
1
Fact versus Theory in Science
2
Scientific Laws
4
Scientific Prediction
5
Scientific Interpretation
7
Criteria for Evaluating Scientific Theories
8
Generality or Inclusiveness
9
External Validity or Accuracy
10
Psychological Structures
124
The Sensorimotor Period of Cognitive Development
125
Imitation and Object Permanence
136
Piagets View of Imitation
137
Imitation in Infancy
139
The Role of Learning in Infant Imitation
140
Search Behavior and Object Permanence
142
Summary
148

Simplicity or Parsimony
11
Summary
13
DEVELOPMENT PSYCHOLOGY
15
Structural Approaches to Behavior
16
Structural Approaches and Explanations of Behavior
18
Research and Theory in Development Psychology
20
Problems with a Structural Approach to Behavior Change
24
Developmental Theory Assessed
26
Summary
29
BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS
31
Skinner on Theory in Science
32
Basic Units in Behavior Analysis
33
The Environment
35
A Behavior Analytic View of the Environment
36
Locus of Control
37
The Role of Inference in Behavior Analysis
38
A Behavior Analytic Taxonomy
39
A Behavior Analytic View of Development
41
Genes Brain and Behavioral Plasticity
42
Proximate and Ultimate Causation
43
Applying a Behavior Analytic Interpretation
44
Cognitive and Behavior Analytic Approaches to Behavior
45
Summary
46
THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEMORY
49
The Concept of Memory in Developmental Psychology
50
Research on Infant Memory
51
Cognitive and Behavior Analytic Views of Memory
65
Summary
66
MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
67
Basic Concepts in Motor Development
68
Rhythmical Stereotypies and Reflexes
70
Reflexes
74
Structural Categories of Motor Development
76
Manual Control
85
Voluntary versus Involuntary Control
90
Cognitive and Behavior Analytic Views of Motor Development
92
Summary
94
PERCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT
95
Visual Perceptual Behavior
96
Depth Perception
97
A Behavior Analytic View of DepthAppropriate Responding
108
Object Perception
109
A Behavior Analytic View of ObjectAppropriate Behavior
114
Summary
119
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
121
Piagetian Concepts
122
LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
151
Speech Perception
152
Categorical Perceptual Behavior in Infants
153
The Development of Prespeech
155
Crying
156
The First Languagelike Sounds
157
The Development of Speech
161
SingleWord Production
162
MultipleWord Production
169
TwoWord Period
171
RuleGoverned Morphology
172
Speed of Acquisition
174
Language Universals
175
The Nature and Nurture of Language
177
The Treatment of Behavior Analytic Views of Language in Developmental Textbooks
178
The Role of Reinforcement in the Acquisition of Language
179
The Child as Passive Recipient of the Environment
181
Language as Inherently Generative Creative
182
SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT I ATTACHMENT RELATIONS
185
Defining Attachment
186
Interpreting Bowlbys Theory of Attachment
187
Attachment Behaviors
189
Signaling Behavior
190
Approach Behaviors
196
Imprinting
197
Attachment Behaviors in Altricial Animals
199
Development of Fearful Behaviors
200
Separation Anxiety
201
Stranger Anxiety
204
A Behavior Analysis of SocialEmotional Development
206
Social Reinforcement
207
Social Discriminative Stimuli
208
Summary
212
SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT II MORAL BEHAVIOR
215
Views of Moral Development
216
A Traditional View of Moral Development
217
A Behavior Analytic View of Moral Development
218
Formal Categories of Prosocial Behavior Sharing
220
Empathy
230
Defining Empathy
231
The Origins of Empathic Responding and Prosocial Behavior
239
Summary
242
REFERENCES
243
INDEX
259
Copyright

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Page 249 - Jr. (1966). Behavioral control by an imprinted stimulus. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 9, 177-189. Hoffman, HS, & Solomon, RL (1974).

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