A Case Against Accident and Self-organization

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Rowman & Littlefield, 1997 - Science - 244 pages
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In this book, Dean L. Overman uses logical principles and mathematical calculations to answer the questions that have long perplexed biologists and astrophysicists: Is it mathematically possible that accidental processes caused the formation of the first form of living matter from non-living matter? Could accidental processes have caused the formation of a universe compatible with life? Are current self-organization scenarios for the formation of the first living matter plausible? Overman reviews the influence of metaphysical assumptions in logical analysis, and discusses the principles of logic applicable to these questions, examining the limitations of verbal and mathematical logic. He proceeds to demonstrate that it is mathematically impossible that accidental processes produced the first living matter. The author also examines other issues related to the creation of the universe, including Stephen Hawking's no boundary proposal, the need for a Creator as the preserving cause of the universe, and the explanations offered by the weak and strong anthropic principles.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
VERBAL AND MATHEMATICAL LOGIC RELATING TO THE QUESTIONS PRESENTED
3
22 Thoughts as products of accidents
4
23 Valid and false reasoning
5
232 Extrapolations from a small amount of data
7
233 Inconsistencies within the context of terms
9
234 Hidden assumptions and contrivances in mathematics
11
235 Circular reasoning
17
515 The four fundamental forces quantum particle structure and grand unified theories
112
5152 Theory of quantum particle structure and quantum chromodynamics
113
51522 Antiparticles
114
51523 Analogies between atomic and subatomic world
115
51524 Leptons
116
51525 Quarks
117
51526 Dimensionless features of quarks and leptons the singularity and the excess of particles over antipartides
118
5153 Grand unified extra dimensional theories
119

236 Failure to confirm hypothesis and assumed validity of alternate explanation
20
237 Confusing sequence with cause
21
238 Modification of question presented
22
lawyers liars and Godels Incompleteness Theorem in mathematics
23
25 Uncertainty in quantum mechanics
29
CASE AGAINST ACCIDENT FROM MATHEMATICAL PROBABILITIES IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
31
32 DNA RNA protein synthesis and the genetic code
34
33 Theory of emergence of life from accidental or chance processes
38
34 Facticious flaws in the Miller and Urey line of experiments
41
342 Inefficacy of random distribution of left and right handed molecules as building blocks for life
44
344 Factor of factitious manipulation of researcher
48
35 Limited time available for formation of life from accidental or chance processes
49
36 Calculating mathematical probabilities of accidental or chance events
51
37 Mathematical probability of random protein enzyme and bacterium formation
58
372 Calculations of Hubert Yockey for random generation of a single molecule of iso1cytochrome c protein
60
373 Calculations of Bradley and Thaxtonfor random production of a single protein
62
374 Calculations of Harold Morowitz for single celled bacterium developing from accidental or chance processes
63
375 Calculations of BerndOlaf Kuppers for the random generation of the sequence of a bacterium
64
38 Additional challenges from complexity
65
THE PROBLEM OF COMPLEXITY THE GENERATION OF SUFFICIENT INFORMATION CONTENT
69
412 The improbability of RNA as a catalyst for the origin of life
71
413 Other theories of selforganization in nonequilibrium systems
73
4131 Order without specified complexity
75
selfreplication without specified complexity
77
4133 Deep sea hydrothermal vents
79
4134 Metabolism recapitulating biogenesis
82
4135 Complexity on the edge of chaos
89
414 ALH84001
92
42 Present absence of a plausible scientific theory for generating information content into inert matter
101
CASE AGAINST ACCIDENT FROM PRECISION OF VALUES IN PARTICLE ASTROPHYSICS REQUIRED FOR THE FORMATION OF LIFE
103
51 Background foundation for discussion of precision of values in particle astrophysics
104
512 The Big Bang theory
106
513 Blackbody radiation evidence for the Big Bang
108
514 The singularity ad initium and the singularities of black holes
109
51533 Supersymmetry and supergravity theories
120
51534 String theories
121
516 Particle and fundamental force activity in the early universe
124
52 Examples of precision of values in particle astrophysics necessary for life
127
521 Resonance precision required for existence of carbon a necessary element for life
128
522 Explosive power of Big Bang precisely matched to power of gravity density precisely matched with critical density
130
523 Delicate balance in strong nuclear force
132
524 Balancing of gravitational force and electromagnetic force
134
525 Meticulous balance between number of electrons and protons
136
527 Big Bangs defiance of Second Law of Thermodynamics and gravitys cumulative effect
138
528 Delicate balance of values related to weak nuclear force
140
529 Precision in the number of dimensions
142
5211 Precision in the agreement between abstract mathematics and the laws of the physical world
143
abundance of evidence from precision of values against accidental formation of a universe compossible with life
149
53 Speculations to avoid a beginning out of true nothingness
150
531 Conjecture of an oscillating universe
151
532 Conjectures of quantum fluctuations wave functions and no boundaries
152
5322 Quantum fluctuations
154
5323 Wave function and the no boundary proposal
159
5324 Hawkings question and the need of a creator as causa essendi
163
5325 The no boundary proposal and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
168
54 Weak and strong anthropic principles
172
ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS OF CHANCE OR IMPERSONAL BEGINNING
177
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
181
72 Case against accident from probabilities in molecular biology
182
the generation of information content
184
74 ALH84001
187
76 Case against accident from probabilities related to precision of values in particle astrophysics
188
SOME IMPORTANT PHYSICAL VALUES
199
Notes
201
Selected Bibliography
227
Index
237
About the Author
245
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Dean L. Overman is the senior partner in the Washington, D.C. office of Winston & Strawn, a large international law firm. He is the coauthor of several law books, the author of many law review articles on banking, commercial, corporate, tax, and securities laws, the author of a book on effective writing, and an Adjunct Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

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