A Century of Service: Land-Grant Colleges and Universities, 1890-1990

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Ralph D. Christy, Lionel Williamson
Transaction Publishers, 1992 - Education - 166 pages

In 1890 congressional legislation opened a new chapter in the history of higher education by allocating public support for black Land-Grant colleges and universities.These institutions were established to provide training to blacks in the fields of agriculture, home economics, the mechanical arts, and other useful professions. For a century, these schools have assumed and continue to maintain a unique and important role in affording educational opportunities for thousands of students to whom no other doors would have been opened. A Century of Service is both a history and a celebration of these Land-Grant schools. The work also provides a presentation of views on how their original mission can best be adapted to the challenges of the future.

The 1890 Land-Grant institutions are a legacy of what can be accomplished with little more than a determined, tenacious commitment to survive and excel. In spite of unequal financial support, they have succeeded in establishing and building quality resident academic and extension programs on a par with those of other colleges and universities not suffering the same economic limitations. As demonstrated throughout this volume, the 1890 institutions have amassed an impressive record of achievement in the areas of agricultural research, cooperative extension, development of rural communities' support systems, human resources development, resident instruction, international development, and technology and information transfer.

In assessing the current state of the schools and looking to the future, the authors seek ways of building upon their strengths and traditions and explore alternative institutional designs to enhance the status and opportunities for African American agricultural scientists and professionals under quite new circumstances. A Century of Service will be of interest to social historians, black studies specialists, agricultural scientists, and educators.

 

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Contents

LandGrant Institutions Their Struggle for Survival and Equality
3
A National ResourceA National Challenge The 1890 LandGrant Colleges and Universities
13
Development of Agricultural Economic Programs at the 1890 LandGrant Institutions
29
A Contemporary View of 1890 Institutions
45
Resident Instruction Programs at 1890 Institutions
47
Status of Agricultural Research Programs at 1890 LandGrant Institutions and Tuskegee University
53
Extension Programs at the 1890 LandGrant Institutions
59
International Involvement of Historically Black LandGrant Institutions in AIDSupported Development Activities and Programs
69
Education and Tomorrows Work Force A National Agenda
111
Policy Alternatives to Meet the Challenges of Institutional Design and Change
121
Designing Agricultural Institutions of Higher Education to Meet the Needs of the TwentyFirst Century Implications for Minorities
123
Keeping the LandGrant Tradition The Future Roles of the 1890 LandGrant Institutions
129
Reforming LandGrant Institutions to Educate Young People for Professional Careers in Agriculture
135
Reforming Agricultural Science Professions to Enhance the Status and Opportunities for Black Professionals Policy Implications for Agricultural Eco...
141
Contributors
155
Abbreviations
161

The Future Role of 1890 Institutions
93
Future Roles of 1890 LandGrant Institutions Instruments of Opportunity and Excellence
95
Widening the Base of the Triangle What the 1890 Institutions and Tuskegee Institute Have Done and Must Continue to Do
103

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About the author (1992)

Ralph D. Christy is J. Thomas Clark Professor of Entrepreneurship & Personal Enterprise at the Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University. His work has appeared in the Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, and Journal of Applied and Agricultural Economics.

Lionel Williamson is professor of agricultural economics at the University of Kentucky. His work has appeared in the Journal of Black Political Economy and Farmer Cooperatives Journal.

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