## A Challenge of Numbers: People in the Mathematical SciencesBernard L. Madison, Committee on the Mathematical Sciences in the Year 2000, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council A Challenge of Numbers describes the circumstances and issues centered on people in the mathematical sciences, principally students and teachers at U.S. colleges and universities. A healthy flow of mathematical talent is crucial not only to the future of U.S. mathematics but also as a keystone supporting a technological workforce. Trends in the mathematical sciences' most valuable resource--its people--are presented narratively, graphically, and numerically as an information base for policymakers and for those interested in the people in this not very visible, but critical profession. |

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### Contents

1 Introduction and Historical Perspective | 1 |

2 The US Labor Force and Higher Education | 9 |

3 College and University Mathematical Sciences | 19 |

4 Majors in Mathematics and Statistics | 35 |

5 Mathematical Scientists in the Workplace | 53 |

6 Issues and Implications | 73 |

Bibliography | 75 |

Appendix Tables | 87 |

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