A Change in the Weather

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Infobase Publishing, May 14, 2014 - Science - 221 pages
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At present, climate change is a controversial topic. A Change in the Weather, a new volume in the Dangerous Weather set, looks at climate change and its consequences with a fair, critical eye. It examines the major controversies and locates them in the broader context of the climatic changes that have taken place in the past. Beginning with a definition of climate change, this volume provides a general account of the way the atmosphere and oceans work to produce climates, along with an outline of the astronomical and other influences that affect climatic changes. It then describes different types of climates that have prevailed in the past and explains the way past climates are studied. An important topic covered is the greenhouse effect and the history of this idea, which leads into an overview of the present concern over global warming induced by an enhanced greenhouse effect. For middle school and high school students, teachers, and general readers. A Change in the Weather is filled with interesting facts on climate and climate change, providing a current and comprehensive survey of the issues surrounding this important topic. Special features provide a comparison between the atmospheres of Earth, Venus, and Mars; information on George Hadley and Hadley cells; discussion of why the Arctic is warmer than the Antarctic; a look at adiabatic cooling and warming and latent heat; coverage of the Vostok, GRIP, and GISP projects; and an overview of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol.
 

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Contents

How the Atmosphere Produces Our Weather
1
General Circulation of the Atmosphere
10
Transport of Heat by the Oceans
18
Evaporation and Condensation and How They Produce Our Weather
28
Climates of the Past
37
Climate Changes that have Changed History
44
Milutin Milankovitch and His Astronomical Cycles
52
Ice Ages of the Pastand Future?
61
Clouds and Particles
121
Radiation from the Sun and from the Earth
128
The Radiation Balance
135
Measuring Climate Change
143
Urban Heat Islands
151
Is the Sea Rising?
158
Global Warming
164
Modeling the Atmosphere
169

Edward Walter Maunder and the Unreliable Sun
70
The Medieval Optimum
79
The Little Ice Age
87
Greenhouse Gases and the Greenhouse Effect
94
The Carbon Cycle
105
How Bright is the Earth?
113
Is Climate Change All Bad?
175
Can We Prevent Climate Change or Must We Accept and Adapt to it?
181
Appendixes
185
Bibliography and further reading
187
Index
191
Copyright

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About the author (2014)

Michael Allaby resides in Tighnabruaich, Scotland.

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