A Chronological History of Voyages Into the Arctic Regions: Undertaken Chiefly for the Purpose of Discovering a North-East, North-West, Or Polar Passage Between the Atlantic and Pacific
Sir John Barrow (1764-1848), a founder and early president of the Royal Geographical Society, served as Second Secretary to the Admiralty for forty years. He was responsible for promoting polar exploration, and published two books on the subject for general readers, both now reissued in the Cambridge Library Collection. This, the earlier of the two, appeared in 1818 and is a chronological account of Arctic voyages from the Viking period to the early nineteenth century, and of the intensifying search for a northern route between the Atlantic and the Pacific. Barrow covers the expeditions of European explorers including Cabot, Frobisher, Barentz, Hudson and Baffin. He quotes extracts from their journals to create a vivid picture of the extreme conditions experienced by the explorers, their battles against cold, disease and starvation, their impressions of the plentiful Arctic wildlife, and both friendly and hostile encounters with the Inuit.
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VOYAGES OF NORTHERN DISCOVERY UNDERTAKEN
A Relation of the Discovery of the Strait of Anian made
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Anian appeared arrived attempt August Baffin Barentz boat called Cape Farewell Captain Cherry Island coast of America coast of Greenland cold command Company continued Cortereal covered crew degrees discovered discovery distance ducats Dutch east eastward England enterprize expedition farther fell fish Frisland frozen gave the name Greenland harbour hope Hudson's Bay Hudson's Bay Company hundred Iceland Indians inlet island July June King Labrador land latitude leagues Lieutenant longitude master miles mountains mouth natives navigation Newfoundland night north pole north-east north-west passage northern northward Nova Zembla observed Pacific passed pilot pinnace Portugueze proceeded Purchas reached river says set sail ships shore side sledges snow Sound South Sea southward Spain Spitzbergen stood strait Strait of Anian supposed Thomas Button tide tons vessels voyage ward weather westward whales wigwams William Baffin wind winter Zichmni