A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes: Essential Distinctions among the Individual Liberation, Great Vehicle, and Tantric Systems

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A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes presents the first English translation of the sDom gsum rab dbye, one of the most famous and controversial doctrinal treatises of Tibetan Buddhism. Written by Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen (1182 1251), a founder of the Sakya school and one of Tibet s most learned sages, The Three Codes strongly influenced subsequent religious and intellectual traditions in Tibet and sparked a number of long-lasting doctrinal and philosophical disputes, some of which persist today.

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A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes
Vows of Individual Liberation
Vows of the Bodhisattva
Vows of the Vajra Vehicle
Six Letters by Sakya Pandita
A Letter to the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions
Reply to the Questions of Dokorwa the Kadampa
Reply to the Questions of Namkha Bum the Kadampa
Gorampas Outline of A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes
Transliteration of the Tibetan Text of A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes

Reply to the Questions of the Translator from Chak
Reply to the Questions of the Translator of Lowo
A Letter to the NobleMinded
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Page 90 - To the (râvakas, he preached the doctrine which is associated with the four Noble Truths and leads to the (formula) of Dependent Origination. It aims at transcending birth, old age, disease, death, sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress of mind and weariness ; and it ends in nirvana. But, to the great Beings, the bodhisattvas, he preached the doctrine, which is associated with the six Perfections and which ends in the Knowledge of the Omniscient One after the attainment of the supreme and perfect bodhi
Page 91 - ... as an end in itself but rather as a means to improved wellbeing and greater material prosperity.
Page 206 - Rin-chen bzan-po there was no scholar greater than you ! When I also thought of becoming a scholar like you, my father and grand-father did not allow me to go to India. As a result of which their grace diminished. At the best they did not make me abandon religion and wealth, at the worst they did not send (me) to India.
Page 19 - A lack of faith is the chief of enemies; an excess of faith is an occasion for great delay. That is because the omniscience [of a Buddha] is understood through correct cognition (pramdna); through devotion, omniscience will not come about. Sapan's rigorous training in Buddhist epistemology and logic (the science of "correct cognition...
Page xiii - Go-rams-pa bSod-nams-seng-ge (1429-1489). sDom pa gsum gyi rab tu dbye ba'i rnam bshad rgyal ba'i gsung rab kyi dgongs pa gsal ba. Sa skya pa'i bka
Page 77 - phags pa yongs su mya ngan las 'das pa chen po'i mdo aryamahaparinirvananamamahayanasutra P787-9, vol.30-1; Toh.120, 121; sDe-dge Tha 1b1-151a4 and Tha 151a4152b7 Heap of Jewels Sutra 'phags pa rin po che'i mtha...
Page 17 - Tibet through a government that included both secular (militaryIpolitical) and eccleciastic elements. It became established policy, especially two decades later, after the time of Qubilai and Sapan's nephew Phakpa, to favor the Sakyapa (Sapan's successors) with patronage and military backing.
Page 34 - Byang chub sems dpa'i sdom pa gsal bar ston pa shlo ka nyi shu pa'i rnampar bshadpa, SKB4:320.3.1-334.3.
Page 19 - Monks or learned scholars should accept my word having investigated it like gold, through burning, cutting, and rubbing, but [should] not [accept it merely] out of reverence.

About the author (2002)

Jared Douglas Rhoton received a Ph.D. in Indic Studies from Columbia University and was the translator of Deshung Rinpoche s The Three Levels of Spiritual Perception: An Oral Commentary on The Three Visions (Nang Sum) of Ngorchen Könchog Lhündrub.

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