A Cognitive Linguistic Analysis of the English Imperative: With Special Reference to Japanese Imperatives
This volume offers the first comprehensive description of English imperatives made from a Cognitive Linguistic perspective. It proposes a new way of explaining the meaning and function of the imperative independently of illocutionary act classifications, which allows for quantifying the strength of imperative force in terms of parameters and numerical values. Furthermore, the book applies the theory of Construction Grammar to account for the felicity of imperatives in complex sentences. The model of description explains explicitly a wide range of phenomena, including frequency of use, prototypical vs. non-prototypical uses of the English imperative and the choice between longer vs. shorter directives including the imperative. A Cognitive Linguistic Analysis of the English Imperative: With Special Reference to Japanese Imperatives is intended for both researchers and students interested in the English imperative and Directive Speech Acts at large and for the linguists working within the Cognitive Linguistics and/or Construction Grammar approach.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Observing English imperatives in action
Chapter 3 The meaning of the English imperative
Chapter 4 Accounting for some of the findings in Chapter 2 and the choice between imperatives and i
Passive progressive and perfective imperatives in Engli
Chapter 6 Conditional imperatives in English
Chapter 7 English imperatives in concessive clauses
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acceptable action addressee addressee’s adverbial clauses analysis analyzed beneﬁcial beneﬁt Chapter characterization Clark Cognitive Cognitive Grammar Cognitive Linguistics combination command forms component constructions conception concessive adverbial concessive clauses conditional imperatives conﬂict Construction Grammar context COST Dana Evans Dancygier and Sweetser Deception deﬁned directive speech acts ditransitive English imperative examples ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst person pronouns ﬁve Force Exertion Fortuin and Boogaart frequent verbs HDCP Hernandez and Ruiz Huddleston and Pullum Iapanese Iapanese translations Idealized Cognitive Models illocutionary act illocutionary force imperative constructions imperative form imperative prototype imperative utterance imperative verb indirect directive involved Kemal Lakoff left-subordinating lets-imperatives look main clause Malice metonymy monotransitive negative non-prototypical OBLIGATION occur parameters passive imperatives Pelican Pelican Brief Pérez Hernandez plain imperatives prototypical imperative pseudo-imperatives request forms Ruiz de Mendoza schema score Second Person Subject sentence Sidney Sheldon sitemiro Sky is Falling speaker speciﬁc tell tive tokens