A Combined Parametric and Nonparametric Approach to Time Series Analysis
IOS Press, 1999 - Computers - 122 pages
The analysis and prediction of natural phenomena is an interesting and challenging task. Time series obtained from the observation of one or more features of a phenomenon are often the only access to the data generating system. Unfortunately, time series analysis is usually done by specialists in the field of the phenomenon with traditional analysis techniques. The application of modern analysis and prediction tools is often avoided due to their complexity or the risk of failure. This issue can be surmounted by an interdisciplinary approach. This work is an example for the possible synergetic effect of interdisciplinary research. In the field of oceanography the coastal upwelling phenomenon is analysed in experimental studies with a numerical model in order to develop a parametric prediction model. Artificial neural networks seem to be a suitable parametric model. However, in the field of computer science traditional artificial neural techniques showed limitations in the analysis and prediction of time series obtained from natural phenomena, particularly with nonlinear and nonstationary time series. Motivated by this limitations a new approach to time series analysis and prediction is presented in this work, the mixture of nonparametric segmented experts (MONSE). The MONSE approach is exploiting the synergetic effect of a combined nonparametric and parametric analysis. It is supposed to be applied to explorative time series analysis and prediction in various fields, i.e. in a context where hardly any kowledge about the time series of concern is available.
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ACE architecture ACE network adaptive capacity ahove analysis and prediction annealed competition applicahility applied artificial neural networks availahle AVHRR chapter coastal upwelling phenomenon coastal upwelling prediction complex time series computational computer-generated time series contrihution delta rule depicted in Figure descrihed different dynamics downwelling ECMWF emhedding equation error experts architecture glohal hackpropagation hased hecause henon map hetter heuristic history kernel hottom input inverse model ISBN LHN time series linear and nonlinear linear significance logistic map mixture model mixture of experts modular MONSE architecture MONSE network neurons nonlinear significances nonparametric analysis numher of experts numher of hidden ohjective ohservations ohtained orhit output parameters performance predictahility prediction of coastal prohlem random variahles remotely sensed satellite sea surface temperature senes series analysis sinusoidal map sliding window SST index signal statistical study region Tahle techniques temporal dependences TIROS-N transfer function turhulent Universitat values vector velocity white noise wind events