A Common-School Grammar of the English Language

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General Books LLC, 2009 - History - 286 pages
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1870. Excerpt: ... ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES. "A. mighty maze! but not without a plan." Analysis is the resolving of a whole into its parts. Synthesis is the combining of parts into a whole. 571. Analysis, in grammar, is the resolving of a sentence into its principal and subordinate parts. Analysis is simply graded syntax; and the most important principal parts are subjects and predicates. Analysis treats of thought and its elements; parsing treats of words and of those properties which sometimes cause changes in the forms of words. 572. Parsing is the resolving of a sentence into its parts of speech, and mentioning their properties and syntax. DISCOURSE. 573. Discourse is any train of thought embodied in language; and it may be, --1. Description, which depends chiefly on place. Description is an account of persons, places, and things. 2. Narration, which depends chiefly on time. Narration is a rehearsal of events. 3. Science or Philosophy, which aims to unfold the nature or plan of things. On this division is based didactic literature, which inculcates moral truth. 4. Illustration, which is any foreign matter introduced for the sake of making the speaker's meaning more intelligible or impressive. Illustration is generally rhetorical matter, comprised under the head of Rhetorical figure. Any one of the first three kinds may predominate in a piece of composition; but the four are frequently combined and mixed. 574 Discourse, or Literature, is usually divided into prose and poetry. 575. The chief divisions of prose are science, philosophy, history, travels, novels, essays, addresses, critiques, and letters. 576. The chief divisions of poetry are epic poetry, dramatic poetry, lyric poetry, satires, epistles, epigrams, and epitaphs.. Dramatic poetry is divided into tragedies and co...

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