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abstract Adeimantus argument Aristophanes Aristotle Aristotle's Athenian Athens beautiful Cephalus character close of Book common Compare conception connection contrast course criticise criticism Crito Croesus definition degree Demosthenes desire dialogue discussion distinction doctrine element eristic Ethics evil existence expression fact feeling function Glaucon Greek philosophy gymnastic happiness harmony Herodotus Hesiod human idea ideal imitation implies individual intelligence Jowett justice kind knowledge literally living Lysias meaning ment mind modern moral nature object oligarchy organisation pain passage Peiraeus perhaps persons Phaedo Phaedrus Philebus philosophical phrase Plato Plato seems pleasure poets Polemarchus political principle psychological qualities question reality reason recognised reference relation rendered Republic rulers Sect sense simile social society Socrates soul Sparta spirit suggests temper term theory things thought Thrasymachus Thucydides Timaeus tion translation true truth unity virtue whole
Page 22 - Further, the state is by nature clearly prior to the family and to the individual, since the whole is of necessity prior to the part...
Page 30 - And we have not forgotten to provide for our weary spirits many relaxations from toil; we have regular games and sacrifices throughout the year; at home the style of our life is refined; and the delight which we daily feel in all these things helps to banish melancholy.
Page 31 - For we are lovers of the beautiful, yet simple in our tastes, and we cultivate the mind without loss of manliness. Wealth we employ, not for talk and ostentation, but when there is a real use for it. To avow poverty with us is no disgrace; the true disgrace is in doing nothing to avoid it.
Page 102 - We would not have our guardians grow up amid images of moral deformity, as in some noxious pasture, and there browse and feed upon many a baneful herb and flower day by day, little by little, until they silently gather a festering mass of corruption in their own soul.
Page 297 - Be there, for once and all, Severed great minds from small, Announced to each his station in the Past ! Was I, the world arraigned, Were they, my soul disdained, Right ? Let age speak the truth and give us peace at last!
Page 21 - When several villages are united in a single complete community, large enough to be nearly or quite self-sufficing, the state comes into existence, originating in the bare needs of life, and continuing in existence for the sake of a [jo] good life.
Page 25 - These evils, however, are due to a very different cause- the wickedness of human nature. Indeed, we see that there is much more quarrelling among those who have all things in common, though there are not many of them when compared with the vast numbers who have private property.
Page 30 - ... recognized; and when a citizen is in any way distinguished, he is preferred to the public service, not as a matter of privilege, but as the reward of merit. Neither is poverty a bar, but a man may benefit his country whatever be the obscurity of his condition.
Page 22 - Hence it is evident that the state is a creation of nature, and that man is by nature a political animal. And he who by nature and not by mere accident is without a state, is either a bad man or above humanity; he is like the 'Tribeless, lawless, hearthless one...
Page 22 - Tribeless, lawless, hearthless one,' whom Homer denounces — the outcast who is a lover of war ; he may be compared to a bird which flies alone.' ' Now the reason why man is more of a political animal than bees or any other gregarious animals is evident. Nature, as we often say, makes nothing in vain, and man is the only animal whom she has endowed with the gift of speech.