A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages
A founding text of comparative philology, Franz Bopp's Vergleichende Grammatik was originally published in parts, beginning in 1833, and by the 1870s had appeared in three editions in German, as well as in English and French translations. Bopp (1791-1867), Professor of Sanskrit and Comparative Grammar at Berlin, set out to prove the relationships between Indo-European languages through detailed description of the grammatical features of Sanskrit compared to those of Zend (Avestan), Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic and German. This translation (1845-50) of Bopp's first edition gave English-speaking scholars access to his important findings. Translated by Edward Backhouse Eastwick (1814-1883), the multi-lingual diplomat and scholar, and edited by Horace Hayman Wilson (1786-1860), Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford, this work testifies both to Bopp's magisterial research and to Eastwick's extraordinary skill in translation. This volume covers phonology, nominal inflection, adjectives and numerals.
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abbreviation ablative according accus adjective bases adverbs analogy Anquetil answers Anusvara appears arisen aspirates become belongs bhis Burnouf comp comparative compounds connected corresponds Crit dative declension deduced derived dialect diphthong Dobrowsky dual end of words euphonic example express feminine bases final vowel formation frequently gender genitive Gothic Gramm Grammar Grammarians Greek Grimm Guna guttural hence identical Indian inflection instance Instr instrumental kindred languages labial Latin lengthening letter LITHUAN Lithuanian locative masc medials Middle High German monosyllabic nasal neuter nominative and accusative nouns occurs Old High German Old Sclavonic original person plural Prakrit preceding preposition preserved preterite pronominal base pronoun recognise regard rejected relation remains remarked root Sansc Sanscrit and Zend scrit semi-vowel shews short sibilant signifies singular sonant sound stands substantive suffix superlative suppressed syllable termination theme tion tive uninflected unorganic Veda Vend Vendidad verb vocative Vriddhi weakened whence