A Comparative Study of Religions
This book has been written by a scholar who has occupied himself with the subject of religion for over fifty years. But no finality can be claimed. The reason is that religion deals with what is transcendent, in the sense that it deals with what man is going to be. Advaitism terms this futuristic end as becoming Brahman. However, Bergson and other evolutionists would say that religion is a collective and cooperative effort of men to become gods. This simply means the divinising of man what Aurobindo calls super-mind. The terms gods and supermind are vague and impre-cise. They refer to a state beyond human ills, beyond human infatuation and beyond the befogging of human intellect.
One thing is clear that fighting with other human beings in the name of religion is sub-human. As religious men we are fellow-travellers in the direction of the realm of spirit. Here the nomenclature of Hindus, Muslims, Christians, etc., ceases to be meaningful. Hence, the religion of man to which we are looking forward is not so much in the past as it is yet to be.
Of course, we have to go very far and we have not made any beginning yet. However, at present the advaitic principle of differenceless Brahman can serve the purpose of harmonizing all religions. Here this principle has been adopted and key-concepts of different religions have been shown to mingle into one another.
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The Concept of Man
The Problem of Evil and Suffering
Salvation and Liberation
Expiation and Atonement
Prayer and Magic
ENCOUNTER OF RELIGIONS
SUMMARY AND CONCULIONS
accept According advaitism Ahriman Ahura Mazda Allah angels Aryans avidya become believe bhakti birth body bondage Brahman Buddhism called caste Christ Christianity created creation creator day of judgment death of Jesus deity destiny devotion Dharma divine doctrine eternal evil faith Father forgiveness Gita God's Guru Nanak heaven hell Hence Hindu Hinduism holy human Ibid important Indian tradition Ishvara Islam Jaina Jainism Jainism and Buddhism Jews jiva Judaism Kabir karmas Krishna laws liberation live Lord Buddha Mainyu means meditation monotheism moral mukti Muslim nature nirguna nirvana non-Vedic one's Parsi Parsiism person philosophy prayers prophetic religions Quoran Radhakrishnan Rama Ramakrishna Ramanuja reality realization rebirths regard religious remains Rgvedic sacrifice salvation Samadhi Samaj Samkhya scripture secularism seeker sense Shankara Shudras Sikhism Sikhs sins soul spirit suffering supreme Surah teaching theistic things Thou Tillich tion transcendent true Upanishads Vedas Vedic whole worldly existence worship Zoroastrianism
Page 4 - We who now live are parts of a humanity that extends into the remote past, a humanity that has interacted with nature. The things in civilization we most prize are not of ourselves. They exist by grace of the doings and sufferings of the continuous human community in which we are a link.