A Comparison of Urinalysis Technologies for Drug Testing in Criminal Justice
Provides justice agencies and professionals the information they need to decide on urinalysis technologies and to make informed decisions about the advantages and shortcomings of each of the technologies. Tables.
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Abbott Laboratories abuse in urine accuracy Alhambra Parole Office amphetamines analyzed arrestees Barbiturates Benzodiazepines BPL Toxicology Laboratory Cannabinoids cocaine confirmation cutoffs criminal justice agencies criminal justice system determined by GC/MS Drug Abuse drug concentration level drug in question drug testing drug types drug users drugs of abuse false negative rate false negative results False positive rates five drugs fluorescence polarization immunoassay GC/MS cutoff GC/MS test identify drugs illegal drugs illegal substances Institute of Justice manufacturers marijuana metabolites methamphetamine Methaqualone Missed by Test nanograms per milliliter National Institute Negatives by GC/MS ng/mL NIDA cutoff NIDA guidelines number of positive opiates over-the-counter drugs Phencyclidine positive or negative positive results positive specimens positive test results Positives by GC/MS present reagents Roche Diagnostic Systems sample screening cutoff level specific drug specimen is positive study's Syva Company tagged antigen technicians thin-layer chromatography three immunoassays U.S. Department urinalysis technologies urine specimens urine-screening
Page 31 - Assessment of Laboratory Quality in Urine Drug Testing: A Proficiency Testing Pilot Study.
Page 31 - Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 258, No. 4, July 24/31, p. 504-509. McBay, Arthur (1987). "Drug- Analysis Technology — Pitfalls and Problems.
Page 32 - Drug Use and Pretrial Misconduct in New York City "Journal of Quantitative Criminology 5: 101-26.
Page 31 - These monographs are available from the National Criminal Justice Reference Service, PO Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20850.
Page 9 - National Institute on Drug Abuse The National Institute on Drug Abuse of the US Department of Health and Human Services is the primary supporter of the long-term study entitled "Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth," conducted at the University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research.
Page 1 - ... real progress toward a system of drug testing, with accountability, throughout the criminal justice system. When the second National Drug Control Strategy was issued the following year, the notion of using criminal justice drug testing as a keystone of national policy came into slightly better focus: Drug testing through urinalysis is the only reliable and practical method currently available for determining whether someone in custody or under correctional supervision has been using illegal drugs....
Page 2 - This report presents findings of this study, which was funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), which are part of the Office of Justice Programs in the US Department of Justice.