A Comparison of how Parents Cope with Child's Cognitive Disabilities at Different Age Ranges
When children are born it is often an opportunity for a parent to "show off" their child. However, when the unexpected happens, and a newborn is delivered with impairments, the parents often react quite differently from the parents whose child is "normal". Parents' management of stress resulting from their child's cognitive disabilities can affect parents' attitudes and interpersonal-relationships with their children. Their coping strategies in dealing with their child's cognitive disabilities can be critical to a child's development. For the parents of children with various low-incident disabilities, how they cope with their child is considerably different from the parents whose child is more typical. As Ross (1953) found, the success or failure of the family depends on the attitude of the parents toward their child. This can be revealed when parents with children who display low-incident disabilities demonstrate adaptations with time, effort, care, and strategies to meet the needs of their child. As a result, the parents' ways of coping are crucial to the child and the family's development.
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Abbott & Meredith Accepting Responsibility adapt adjustment American Psychological Association APPENDIX behavioral efforts Canam challenge child with cognitive child with disabilities child's cognitive disabilities children with cognitive children with disabilities cognitive and behavioral Confrontive Coping developed Developmental Disability differences in coping dreams Drotar emotion-focused coping experience factors Folkman & Lazarus Gabel groups of parents handicapping conditions individuals with disabilities Internal Validity Lazarus & Folkman Lazarus and Folkman levels Li-Tsang marriages married couples McCallion & Toseland measured mental retardation older children parents cope parents of children parents whose children parents with children parents with older parents with younger Planful Problem Solving Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder present investigation present study professional psychological Psychometric PTSD reactions reported research questions result revealed school district scores Seeking Social Support Snell & Rosen strategies of parents stress and coping stressful encounters stressful situation syndrome Taanila Table trauma Trute wishful thinking younger children