A Comprehensive Russian Grammar

Front Cover
John Wiley & Sons, Oct 11, 2010 - Foreign Language Study - 640 pages
3 Reviews
The third edition of Terence Wade’s A Comprehensive Russian Grammar, newly updated and revised, offers the definitive guide to current Russian usage.
  • Provides the most complete, accurate and authoritative English language reference grammar of Russian available on the market
  • Includes up-to-date material from a wide range of literary and non-literary sources, including Russian government websites
  • Features a comprehensive approach to grammar exposition
  • Retains the accessible yet comprehensive coverage of the previous edition while adding updated examples and illustrations, as well as insights into several new developments in Russian language usage since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991
 

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - Katya0133 - LibraryThing

A clearly organized and wonderfully thorough reference book. It is, however a reference book and not a textbook (despite the existence of an accompanying workbook). Because of this, the beginning student of Russian may not find it to be of much use. Read full review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - dheintz - LibraryThing

Wade's grammar is the clearest and most concise recently produced for the advanced learner of Russian as a foreign language. It beats the venerable Практическая грамматика from Пулькина on nearly every level! Read full review

Contents

The Cyrillic alphabet
1
The international phonetic alphabet IPA
2
Stressed vowels
4
Unstressed vowels
5
Hard and soft consonants
7
Double palatalization
9
Hard sign and soft sign
10
Voiced and unvoiced consonants
11
Verbs with one aspect only
269
Biaspectual verbs
270
Formation of the aspects
271
Formation of the perfective by prefixation
272
Functions of the perfective prefixes
273
Semantic differentiation of aspects
274
Formation of verbal aspects by internal modification
275
The formation of imperfectives from prefixed firstconjugation verbs
276

The pronunciation of чн
13
Stress
14
Spelling rules
15
Use of capital and small letters in titles and names
16
Division of Words 18 Division into syllables
18
Splitting a word at the end of a line
19
Introductory comments
20
introductory comments
21
The colon The semicolon The dash
25
The punctuation of direct speech
28
Suspension points многотчие
29
general
30
prefixation
32
suffixation
34
Masculine feminine and neuter gender
54
Masculine nouns
55
Feminine nouns
56
Neuter nouns
58
Indeclinable place names
60
Alphabetisms
61
Stump compounds
63
Differentiation of gender through suffixes
64
Professions
65
Animals
67
Animacy
68
Nouns which are used only in the singular
70
Nouns which have a plural form only
72
Declension chart
73
masculine nouns
74
The fleeting vowel
75
Partitive genitive in ую
76
Prepositionallocative singular in
77
Special masculine plural forms
79
Nouns whose genitive plural is identical with the nominative singular
82
Stress patterns in firstdeclension masculine nouns
83
neuter nouns in о
84
nouns in е ье ё ьё
86
Stress patterns in the plural of neuter nouns
87
nouns in ая
88
Stress patterns in seconddeclension nouns
90
softsign feminine nouns
92
Declension of neuter nouns in мя
94
The neuter noun дит
95
Declension of surnames
96
Declension of place names
97
Declension of alphabetisms
99
Declension of hyphenated noun coordinates
100
Constructions of the type все повернли глову
102
Case Usage 77 The nominative
103
The vocative
104
The accusative
105
possession and relationship
106
The genitive with adjectives
107
The partitive genitive in ую
109
Genitive in у in set phrases
110
Genitive and negative
111
The genitive and accusative after negated verbs
112
Verbs that take the genitive
115
The dative as indirect object of a verb
118
Verbs that take the dative
119
Adjectives that take the dative
120
The dative as the logical subject of an infinitive
121
The instrumental in constructions denoting movements of the body
122
Use of the instrumental to denote similarity
124
Adjectives that take the instrumental
125
Nouns in apposition
127
Diminutive and Augmentative Nouns 104 Meanings and functions of the diminutive
128
Feminine diminutives
130
Neuter diminutives
131
Other diminutive suffixes
132
The Pronoun 110 Personal pronouns
134
Use of personal instead of possessive pronouns
135
Use of the nominative pronoun with то
136
The pronoun мы
137
The thirdperson pronouns он он он он
138
The reflexive pronoun себ
139
The possessive pronouns мой твой наш ваш
141
The possessive pronouns ег её их
142
Declension of the interrogativerelative pronouns
144
1отрый какй чей кто and что as relative pronouns
146
Other functions of the interrogativerelative pronouns
149
Declension of the demonstrative pronouns тот тот такй сей and кий
150
The demonstrative pronouns тот and тот
151
Constructions of the type примр том
153
The pronouns сей and кий
154
Сам and смый
155
Весь лый вский к ждый лобй всческий
156
The negative pronouns никт ничт никакй ничй The negative particle не
157
Ничт
158
Никакй and ничй
159
The indefinite pronouns ктто ктнибудь ктлибо чтто чтнибудь чтлибо какйто какйнибудь какйлибо чйто чйнибудь чйлибо
161
The indefinite pronouns кBект кBечт кBекакй
165
Нкий
166
The Adjective 144 Introduction
168
Mixed declension
169
Softending adjectives
170
the suffixes н ск and овев
172
Adjectival endings with specific meanings
173
Nouns with more than one adjective
174
Diminutive adjectives in енькийонький
176
Diminutive adjectives in оватыйеватый
177
Attributive use of the long adjective
178
Use of the long adjective with predicative meaning
179
Some uses of singular and plural adjectives
180
Adjectival nouns
181
The Short Form of the Adjective 159 Endings of the short form of the adjective
182
Adjectives which have long forms only
183
The buffer vowels е о and ё in the masculine short form
184
Some special short forms
185
Masculine short forms of adjectives in енный
186
Divergence in stress between masculine neuter and plural long and short forms
187
Use of the short form to denote temporary state
188
Adjectives of dimension
189
Delimitation of meaning by the oblique case of a noun or pronoun
190
Delimitation by a prepositional phrase
191
Delimitation by a subordinate clause or an infinitive
192
The short form in generalized statements
193
The attributive comparative with блее
194
Predicative comparative forms in ее
195
Comparative short forms in е
196
The shortform comparative in predicative meaning
199
The shortform comparative in attributive meaning
201
Other functions of the shortform comparative
202
Всший and н зший
204
The superlative with наиблее
205
The Numeral Cardinal Collective and Indefinite Numerals 190 The cardinal numeral
207
Declension of cardinal numerals
208
Нольнуль Meanings and usage
211
The numeral одн одн одн одн
212
Полторполтор двадве три четре бабе
214
Numerals five and above
216
Тсяча thousand миллин million миллирд a thousand million биллин billion триллин trillion
218
Declension of compound numerals
219
Cardinals as numerical labels
220
Collective numerals
221
Indefinite numerals
226
Ordinal Numerals 203 Formation of ordinal numerals
228
usage
230
Telling the time
232
Giving the date
235
Age
236
Quantitative nouns
237
Numerals in arithmetic
238
The Verb Conjugation 212 Infinitivepreterite stem and presentfuture stem
240
The conjugation of the verb
241
Firstconjugation verbs with stems ending in a vowel
242
Firstconjugation verbs with consonant stems I
244
verbs in ать with consonant mutation throughout conjugation
246
verbs in ти стьзть чь
248
Mobile stress in the conjugation of firstconjugation verbs
250
presentfuture stems
251
Presentfuture endings in the second conjugation
252
Consonant change in the conjugation of secondconjugation verbs
253
Stress change in the second conjugation
254
Irregular verbs
256
The verb to be
257
Formation of the imperative
259
Stress in the imperative
261
Verbs with no л in the masculine past tense
262
Mobile stress in the past tense of verbs
264
Formation of the future imperfective and perfective
266
The buffer vowel о in conjugation
267
The aspect Introductory comments
268
Vowel mutation in secondary imperfective verbs
277
Consonant mutation in secondary imperfectives based on secondconjugation verbs
278
Secondary imperfectives based on monosyllabic verbs
279
Submeanings of some prefixed imperfectives
280
The differentiation of aspect by conjugation
281
Aspectival pairs with different roots
282
Compounds of ложить
283
The imperfective and perfective aspects
293
Aspect in the present tense
295
Aspect in the past tense
298
Use of the imperfective past to express a statement of fact
300
Use of the imperfective past to denote an action and its reverse
302
Aspectival usage when emphasis is on the identity of the person performing the action
303
Use of the imperfective past to denote a forthcoming event
305
Aspect in the future
306
The logical future
307
Use of the future to express repeated actions
308
The perfective future in warnings
309
Some uses of the imperfective imperative
310
Use of the imperative in the context of a single action
311
A command arising naturally from context
312
Negative commandswarnings
313
Use of the perfective imperative with repeated actions
314
Use of the infinitive to denote habitual actions
315
Use of the imperfective infinitive after verbs of beginning continuing and concluding
316
Inadvisable and advisable actions
317
A request to performnot to perform an action
318
Use of the infinitive after не хоч
319
Use of infinitives after verbs of motion
320
The true reflexive
321
Intransitive reflexives
322
Reflexive verbs with passive meaning
323
Reflexive verbs which express feelings and attitudes
325
Reflexive verbs that denote potential to perform an action
326
Impersonal constructions with an animate accusative or dative
327
Expression of other meanings chance sufficiency etc
328
Constructions with the secondperson singular
329
The Passive Voice 300 The passive voice Introductory comments
330
The passive expressed by imperfective reflexive verbs
331
Perfective reflexives with passive meaning
332
The Conditional and Subjunctive Moods 304 The conditional mood Introductory comments
333
Use of 1 the imperative and 2 the preposition без to express conditional meanings
334
Use of the particle бы to express desire
335
The subjunctive of purposeful endeavour
337
The expression of hypothesis
338
Concessive constructions
340
Constructions Expressing Obligation Necessity Possibility or Potential 313 The expression of obligation and necessity
341
The expression of possibility or potential
343
Verbs of Motion 315 Unidirectional and multidirectional verbs of motion
345
Conjugation of verbs of motion
346
Past tense of verbs of motion
347
Functions of unidirectional verbs of motion
348
Unidirectional verbs in frequentative contexts
349
Functions of multidirectional verbs of motion
350
Use of the past tense of a multidirectional verb to denote a single return journey
352
The verbs нест ность вест водть везт возть
353
Translation of to drive
354
Special meanings of пойт
355
Не пошёл and не ходл
356
Figurative and idiomatic uses of verbs of motion
357
Compound verbs of motion
358
Stems of compound verbs of motion
359
Spelling rules in the formation of compound verbs of motion
360
Use of the imperfective past of a compound verb of motion to denote an action and its reverse
361
Figurative and idiomatic uses of compound verbs of motion
362
Perfectives in с based on multidirectional verbs
363
Perfectives in за из and на based on multidirectional verbs
364
Participles Introductory comments
365
Stress in the present active participle
366
The past active participle Formation
367
Stress in the past active participle
368
Stress in the imperfective passive participle
369
Formation of passive participles from secondary imperfectives whose primaries have no participle
370
Stress in the participles from дать and its compounds
371
Formation of the shortform participle from secondconjugation verbs in итьеть
372
Consonant mutation in participles from secondconjugation infinitives in итьеть
373
Formation of the longform attributive participle from secondconjugation verbs in итьеть
374
Longform participles from verbs in ти чь зть сть
375
The long form of participles in т
377
Functions of longform participles
378
Agreement of longform participle and noun
380
Participial synonymy
381
Participles as adjectives and nouns
382
Participial adjectives
383
Distinction between shortform adjectives and shortform participles
384
Impersonal function of shortform participles
385
Formation of the imperfective gerund
386
Stress in the imperfective gerund
387
Compensation for the lack of an imperfective gerund
388
Reflexive perfective gerunds
389
Gerunds from perfective verbs in чь and зть
390
Special features of constructions with gerunds
392
Reversal of the sequence of actions expressed by main verb and gerund
393
The Adverb 381 Introductory comments
395
Adverbs derived from nouns
398
Adverbs derived from verbs
399
Adverbs derived from numerals
400
Primary spatial adverbs
401
Primary adverbs of time
402
Уж уж не
403
Ещё ещё не
404
The temporal adverbs длго давн and нед вно
405
Primary adverbs of manner and extent
406
Interrelating adverbs
407
Indefinite adverbs adverbs in то нибудь либо and кBе
409
The negative adverbs нигд никуд ниоткда никогд никк нисклько
411
The negative adverbs нгде нкуда нкогда ноткуда нзачем
412
Comparative adverbs
413
Variant forms of some comparative adverbs
414
The superlative adverb
415
The Preposition 401 Introductory comments
416
Repetition of prepositions
418
Stress in primary prepositions
419
Nouns which may be used with в and на but with
426
Special uses of с + genitive
432
Над + instrumental поврх + genitive
439
Prepositions that Denote Along Across Through a Spatial Area
444
Weeks months years and centuries
450
Use of вза + accusative to denote the time taken
456
Prepositions with causal meaning
462
Prepositions that denote the object of feelings and attitudes
465
Prepositions that denote extent
467
Prepositions that denote purpose
470
Concessive meanings expressed by prepositions
472
По + dativeaccusative in distributive meaning
473
Other Important Meanings Expressed by Prepositions 449 Prepositions that take the accusative
474
Prepositions that take the genitive
477
Prepositions that take the dative
479
Prepositions that take the instrumental
481
Prepositions that take the prepositional
482
The Conjunction 454 Introductory comments
484
Connective conjunctions
485
Adversative conjunctions
486
Disjunctive conjunctions
488
Subordinating Conjunctions 458 Explanatory conjunctions
489
Causal conjunctions
492
Conjunctions of purpose
494
Conjunctions of result
495
Conditional conjunctions
496
Concessive conjunctions
497
Temporal conjunctions Introductory comments
498
Temporal conjunctions which render before after by the time that until since
499
Other conjunctions of time
502
The Particle 468 The particle Introductory comments
505
The position of the particle in the sentence
506
Some of the principal meanings expressed by particles
507
Modal functions of particles
508
The meanings of individual particles
510
The aggregation of particles for increased emphasis
517
Word Order 475 Introductory comments
521
Relative position of subject and verb
524
Subject verb object
525
The position of the adjective
527
The position of the adverb
528
Sentences that contain more than one adverb or adverbial phrase
529
The position of the noun or pronoun in impersonal constructions
530
The position of particles in the sentence
531
Glossary
533
Bibliography
540
Subject index
549
Word index
566
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Terence Wade (1930-2005) was Professor Emeritus and Research Fellow in Russian Studies at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. He wrote 12 books, including Prepositions in Modern Russian (1985), Russian Etymological Dictionary (1996), The Russian Language Today (with Larissa Ryazanova-Clarke, 1999) and A Russian Grammar Workbook (Wiley-Blackwell, 1996)

David Gillespie is Professor of Russian at the University of Bath, UK, where he has taught Russian language and culture since 1985. Gillespie has published eight books and more than 50 papers on modern Russian literature and film.

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