A Corpus of Magic Bowls: Incantation Texts in Jewish Aramaic from Late Antiquity
This book is a unique collection of Jewish magical texts from Late Antiquity. These consist of spells for protection against a wide variety of supernatural entities, demons, ghouls, and ghosts that were thought to be the cause of humanity's misfortunes. Texts in this collection include spells for the protection of the unborn and new-born baby and for warding off afflictions of the region of the head and belly, evil spirits in general, and human enemies. The magic bowls from which the incantations in this book have been transcribed are a form of amulet which was peculiar to the Mesopotamian regions of modern day Iran and Iraq of the fourth to seventh centuries A.D. These magical texts were individually commissioned by people whose names are usually mentioned within the texts. After having been written by sorcerer -scribes on the inside of earthenware bowls these were buried upside down under the floor of the client's house. These texts are an early testament to Jewish magical textual traditions, elements of which can be traced throughout history to modern-day practices. Levene's book makes available new and exciting material from an area of which little has been published so far.
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Texts Transcriptions Translations Notes and Synopses
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adjure Ahatoi AIT 9 Amen amen selah amulet angels appears Aramaic Incantation attested Awirta Babylonian Talmud Babylonian Talmudic Aramaic Baran sons biblical bow1 client curse daughter of Neiwandukh daughter of Qaqi demons dialects divorce duplicate texts Epstein evil spirit feminine formula Geller Geniza Gordon Hanina ben Dosa Harviainen Havdala Hebrew Hekhalot Hekhalot texts historiola holy Ifra Hurmiz Imi daughter incantation Incantation Bowls inxs ithpe Jewish Babylonian Aramaic Jewish magical liliths lines Lord magic bowls magical texts Mahadukh daughter Mandaean Mandaic Manichaean Merkabah Metatron Midrash Mihlad Montgomery 1913 mxas N&Sh Naveh and Shaked nax^a naxi Nippur Notes occurs plural pressed px px rrnx scribe script seal sons of Mirdukh sorceries spelling Sword of Moses Syriac Targ.-J Targum Translation verb verse words written xnoi1 xnwa xtri YHWH