A Correlation of Mixing Noise from Coannular Jets with Inverted Flow Profiles

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1979 - 123 pages
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Data are correlated for jet mixing noise from coannular jets with inverted flow velocity profiles. The acoustic performance of coannular jets is compared to the performance of a hypothetical single jet with the same total mass flow, thrust, and total enthalpy flow as the coannular jet. The study shows that coannular jets with velocity ratios greater than 1.2 produce less noise than their corresponding equivalent tests and that optimum noise reduction of coannular jets in the data set occurs within a range of equivalent velocities between 500 and 700 meters per second and velocity ratios between 1.6 and 2.3. The maximum sound power reduction is found to be about 4 decibels. Directivity indices and a special set of spectral curves were developed to describe the characteristic double peak spectra of coannular jet noise. The temperature ratio between the inner and outer streams was not found to be important in this acoustic correlation. However, the mean temperature effect was included in the computations of sound pressure levels.

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