A Course of Mathematics: Composed for the Use of the Royal Military Academy
William Tegg, 1860 - Mathematics - 895 pages
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Common terms and phrases
angle answer axis base becomes called centre circle coefficients consequently contained curve decimal denominator denotes determine diameter difference distance Divide dividend division divisor draw drawn equal equation EXAMPLES expression extract factors feet figure former four fraction given gives greater greatest half height Hence inches interest length less letters manner means measure method multiplied negative opposite parallel perpendicular plane positive PROBLEM Prop proportional proposed quantity quotient radius ratio rectangle Reduce remainder result right angles root rule sides similar simple sine square square root straight line Substituting subtracted suppose taken tangent THEOREM third triangle unknown whole yards
Page 336 - EC, have also the same altitude ; and because triangles of the same altitude are to each other as their bases, therefore the triangle ADE : BDE : : AD : DB, and triangle ADE : CDE : : AE : EC.
Page 352 - angle in a segment' is the angle contained by two straight lines drawn from any point in the circumference of the segment, to the extremities of the straight line which is the base of the segment.
Page 330 - Proportion, when the ratio is the same between every two adjacent terms, viz. when the first is to the second, as the second to the third, as the third to the fourth, as the fourth to the fifth, and so on, all in the same common ratio.
Page 17 - OF TIME. 60 Seconds = 1 Minute. 60 Minutes = 1 Hour. 24 Hours = 1 Day. 7 Days = 1 Week. 28 Days = 1 Lunar Month.
Page 342 - CD. conseconsequently the whole polygon, or all the triangles added together which compose it, is equal to the- rectangle of the common altitude CD, and the halves of all the sides, or the half perimeter of the polygon. Now, conceive the number of sides of the polygon to be indefinitely increased ; then will its perimeter coincide with the circumference of the circle, and consequently the altitude CD will become equal to the radius, and the whole polygon equal to the circle. Consequently the space...
Page 301 - The Height or Altitude of a figure is a perpendicular let fall from an angle, or its vertex, to the opposite side, called the base.
Page 26 - Multiply the number in the lowest denomination by the multiplier, and find how many units of the next higher denomination are contained in the product, setting down ,what remains.
Page 62 - From these theorems may readily be found any one of these five parts ; the two extremes, the number of terms, the common difference, and the sum of all the terms, when any three of them are given, as in the following Problems : PROBLEM I.
Page 330 - Proportional, when the ratio of the first to the second, is equal to the ratio of the second to the third.
Page 62 - SUBTRACT the less extreme from the greater, and divide the difference by 1 more than the number of means required to be found...