A Critical Evaluation of Politeness Research in English and German
GRIN Verlag, 2013 - 52 pages
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject English - Miscellaneous, grade: 1,0, University of Wuppertal (Anglistik/Amerikanistik), language: English, abstract: As a way of establishing a general framework of the development of politeness research, I will give an overview of different theories: the first being the conversationalist maxim view, including the work of Grice, Lakoff and Leech; and the second being the face- saving view of politeness, including Brown and Levinson's model. Then, I will investigate how politeness is realised in German and English. For this purpose, I will firstly consider cultural specificities that determine linguistic politeness, examining dimensions of cross- cultural difference as proposed by Juliane House and critically evaluate these dimensions. Secondly, I will look at how politeness is reflected in the realisation of the speech act of request, drawing on results from a contrastive study on politeness markers by Juliane House and Gabriele Kasper. These will subsequently be compared to findings gained in other empirical works. Following the critical evaluation, I will also take a closer look at the significant role of modal particles in the modification of requests in order to account for some of the prevalent linguistic choices observed in the contrastive study. Finally, the paper ends with a summarising conclusion.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
ad-hoc formulation addressee American analysis applied Australian English Blum-Kulka British English Brown & Levinson Brown and Levinson claims close the window Consequently consultative device Contrasting linguistic contrastive studies Cooperative Principle critical evaluation culture-specific discourse discourse particles downtoners Eelen empirical English and German English data English subjects explicit face loss face threatening Fenster framework frequently Geert Hofstede German and English German data German learners German speakers German subjects Grice's groups hearer House & Kasper House and Kasper illocution illocutionary force impolite indirectness instance interaction interlocutors internal modification investigation Juliane House Kasper's study language learners of English linguistic choices linguistic politeness maxims modal particles modality markers modify Moreover negative face norms Ogiermann 2009b Olshtain orientation phatic politeness in German politeness markers politeness research potential pragmatic preference redressive action regarded request realisation requestive force situations social speech act speech communities tendency of German utterance verbal routines Weydt Woodfield 2008