A Critical Study in Method

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 31, 1967 - Philosophy - 254 pages
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It is neither far-fetched nor over-modest to assume that some readers will feel that another book on philosophical analysis is superfluous, seeing that there are at present a number of fine books, essays or col lections of essays on the subject. Part of the reason which makes me hope that the present book is not superfluous is that its aim is different from that of many of these books or essays. What I myself have at tempted to do is to outline my own views regarding the nature and possible types and forms of philosophical analysis: the result of sustained reflection on the subject for the past few years. The methods of analy sis that are here regarded as "proper," and in a greater or lesser degree philosophically useful methods are not, in their general features, really anything new. They are advocated or are actually being practised by different contemporary philosophers; and some of them have a long and hallowed history behind them. However, the present work attempts to present these methods in a form or manner which, it is hoped, will make them acceptable, or less inacceptable, to philosophers with widely-divergent attitudes or biases. An important feature of the book is that no one method or type of method is regarded as the proper method or type of method of philosophical analysis to the exclusion of others; in sharp contrast to the views or practice of a considerable number of contemporary philosophers.
 

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Contents

Philosophical Analysis A General Discussion
3
Ordinary Language
11
Meanings Concepts and the Uses of Verbal Expressions
23
II Meanings and Concepts
33
Synonymity
40
A Synonymity of General Names and Predicates
43
B Synonymity of General Names Predicates Simple or Compound Definite Descriptions Verbs and Adverbs
46
1 Proper names
50
Semantic Analysis II
91
Semantic Analysis III Analysis and Reconstruction
129
Deductive Inference and Analysis
162
1 Intertype Violation of Meaning
187
2 Intratype Violation of Meaning
189
Language and Truth
192
ExtraLinguistic Analysis
210
A ExtraLinguistic Analysis in Relation to NonConceptAnalysis
213

2 Interjections
51
5 Verbs prepositions and conjunctions
52
C Synonymity of Sentences
55
Semantic Analysis I
63
B ExtraLinguistic Analysis in Relation to Nonreductive ConceptAnalysis
219
Bibliography
249
Index
252
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