A Critique of Freedom and Equality

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Cambridge University Press, Aug 31, 1981 - Philosophy - 203 pages
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This book is about the grounds of ethical life, or the nature and basis of our ethical obligations. It contains an original account of these grounds and shows how this understanding requires specific forms of social and political life. Charvet considers the ideas of the freedom and equality of men in the many forms they have taken and shows that there is a radical incoherence underlying them which consists in the failure to integrate in a coherent way the particular and the moral or communal dimensions of individual life. These two dimensions are separated and opposed to each other. In the final section of the book Charvet develops an original account of the grounds of ethical life which satisfactorily integrates these particular and communal elements of individuality. It is designed to show how the moral claims of individuals are grounded in their associated wills in a community and yet how such a conception preserves the separate individuality of the community's members.
 

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Contents

The equal value of individuals as selfdetermining beings
11
A preliminary notice of the difficulties
19
The principle of equal value in some contemporary
25
The motivational structure of morality
38
Benevolence and sympathy
51
Rationalism and Kant
69
Selfinterest morality and the divided self
81
Subordinate ordering principles
95
The Rawlsian combination
109
Part 11
117
Marx
135
The fundamental moral attitude
161
The right to particular satisfaction or welfare
171
Ethical criticism
193
The unity of the human race
199
Copyright

Egalitarianism
102

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Against Liberalism
John Kekes
Limited preview - 1997
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