A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the American & Japanese Educational Systems
Presents a profile of the Japanese educational system and compares and contrasts it with the American system. The objective is not to advocate the replication of the Japanese educational system and practices, but to promote a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of both systems. Charts and figures.
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ability academic achievement activities algebra American and Japanese American education system American high schools American schools average biology calculus class hours compared compulsory education Confucian countries cram schools curricula curricular standards differences Economic Policy Institute education in Japan educational achievement educational expenditures Educational Reform eighth grade elementary and lower elementary and secondary elementary school enrolled geometry high school students homework hours per week Hudson Institute IEA Mathematics Study individual Japanese children Japanese educational system Japanese Language Japanese mathematics Japanese schools Japanese society Japanese students Japanese teachers juku junior colleges learning Leestma lower secondary schools mathematics curriculum mathematics instruction Ministry of Education moral education NIER Number of Credits parents percent of Japanese postsecondary prefectural programs public universities salaries school achievement school curriculum school level school teachers science courses scoring senior social subjects Table teaching Tokyo tuition university entrance examination University of Tokyo upper secondary school vocational year-olds
Page 3 - new-type" universities, as they came to be called, could offer in addition to the regular four-year program professional training and postgraduate study leading to the doctor's degree. Provision was also made for junior colleges, some independent and some affiliated...
Page 1 - Purpose of the Study The purpose of this study is to present information on salaries paid to professional workers in environmental sanitation employed by local health departments.
Page 24 - the number of US dollars needed in each country to buy the same representative basket of fixed goods and services costing $100 in the United States." Table 1 displays the PPP values for OECD nations for three years — 1985, 1987, and 1988. An increase in the index means that it costs more dollars to purchase the same goods. (Note the generally small changes in...
Page 10 - Bullying, suicides among schoolchildren, dropping out from school, increasing delinquency, violence both at home and school, heated entrance exam races, overemphasis on scholastic ratings, and torture of children by some teachers are the result of the pathological mechanisms that have become established in Japan's education system.
Page 14 - Tables 1-8 and 1-9 present the names of subjects to be taught in elementary and lower secondary schools, as well as the national standard number of yearly school hours to be devoted to each subject, as specified in the current Courses of Study, which were put into effect in 1980 for elementary schools and in 1981 for lower secondary schools.
Page 24 - ... (4) Distribution of Public Expenditures for Education by Source The percentage distribution of public expenditures for education by source is shown in Chart 1-7 for the fiscal year 1987.
Page 23 - Elementary school teachers enjoy higher prestige than civil and mechanical engineers, white collar employees in large firms, and municipal department heads. University professors were ranked third, below court judges and presidents of large companies, but above physicians.