A Cultural History of the Modern Age Vol. 2: Baroque, Rococo and Enlightenment

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Transaction Publishers, 2009 - Science - 457 pages
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This is the second volume of Friedell's monumental A Cultural History of the Modern Age. A key figure in the flowering of Viennese culture between the two world wars, this three volume work is considered his masterpiece. The centuries covered in this second volume mark the victory of the scientifi c mind: in nature-research, language-research, politics, economics, war, even morality, poetry, and religion. All systems of thought produced in this century, either begin with the scientifi c outlook as their foundation or regard it as their highest and fi nal goal.

Friedell claims three main streams pervade the eighteenth century: Enlightenment, Revolution, and Classicism. In ordinary use, by "Enlightenment" we mean an extreme rationalistic tendency of which preliminary stages were noted in the seventeenth century. Th e term "Classicism", is well understood.

Under the term "Revolution" Friedell includes all movements directed against what has been dominant and traditional. Th e aims of such movements were remodeling the state and society, banning all esthetic canons, and dethronement of reason by sentiment, all in the name of the "Return to Nature." Th e Enlightenment tendency might be seen as laying the ground for an age of revolution. Th is second volume continues Friedell's dramatic history of the driving forces of the twentieth century.

 

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Contents

Overture to the Baroque
3
Le Grand Siecle
71
The DeathStruggle of the Baroque
135
ENLIGHTENMENT AND REVOLUTION From the Seven Years War to the Congress of Vienna
209
Common Sense and the Return to Nature
211
The Discovery of the Classical
324
Empire
369
CHRONOLOGY
451
INDEX
i
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About the author (2009)

Egon Friedell (1878-1938) was a prominent Austrian philosopher, historian, journalist, actor, cabaret performer and theater critic. He committed suicide on March 16, 1938 rather than be arrested by Nazi officials. He was the author of many books, including From Dante to d'Annunzio, The Cultural History of Egypt's Land of the Ancient Orient, The Judas Tragedy, and Quarry: Miscellaneous Opinions and Quotations. Allan Janik is professor of cultural history and philosophy at the University of Vienna and research fellow of the Brenner Archives of the University of Innsbruck. His introduction to A Cultural History of the Modern Age graces all three volumes.

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