A Decade of American Foreign Policy: Basic Documents, 1941-49

Front Cover
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950 - United States - 1381 pages
 

Contents

Paris Peace Conference July 29October 15 1946
86
Third Meeting of Council November 4December 12 1946
92
Fifth Meeting of Council November 25December 16 1947
106
BASIC ORGANIZATION
117
Statute of the International Court of Justice June 26 1945
140
Statement by Secretary
145
Chart of the United Nations Organization
153
Amendment of United Nations Participation Act October 10 1949__
159
Membership of the United Nations and Specialized Agencies
167
Resolution of the General Assembly December 8 Page
174
Agreements 1947 1948
178
United Nations Flag October 20 1947
194
SPECIALIZED AGENCIES Page 41 Universal Postal Union Revision of July 5 1947
199
International Telecommunication Union Revision of October 2 1947 108
224
Acceptance of ILO Instrument of Amendment June 30 1948
239
Food and Agriculture Organization FAO October 15 1945
240
Participation in FAO July 31 1945
250
a International Bank for Reconstruction and Development July 22 1944_
251
b International Monetary Fund July 22 1944
273
c Bretton Woods Agreements Act July 31 1945
305
International Civil Aviation Organization ICAO December 7 1944
311
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO November 16 1945
327
Participation in UNESCO July 30 1946
334
World Health Organization WHO July 22 1946
337
Participation in WHO June 14 1948
352
International Refugee Organization IRO December 15 1946
353
Participation in IRO July 1 1947
364
World Meteorological Organization WMO October 11 1947
366
Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization IMCO March 6 1948___
378
International Trade Organization ITO March 24 1948_
391
THE INTERAMERICAN SYSTEM 58 Havana Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs July 2130 1940
411
Rio Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs January 1528 1942
412
Mexico City Conference February 21March 8 1945
414
Rio Treaty September 2 1947
421
Bogota Conference March 30 to May 2 1948
427
Address by Secretary Acheson September 19 1949____
447
DEFEATED AND OCCUPIED AREAS ITALY 64 Declaration of War December 11 1941
455
Allied Control Commission for Italy November 10 1943
457
Diplomatic Relations With Italy Renewed October 26 1944
460
Disposal of Italian Fleet February 10 1947
467
Disposal of Former Italian Colonies November 21 1949
471
Italian Property Returned by United States August 5 1947
475
Departure of American Troops From Italy December 13 1947
478
Recommendation for Return of Trieste to Italy March 20 1948
479
Declarations of War With Bulgaria Hungary and Rumania June
481
Armistice October 28 1944
482
Treaty of Peace February 10 1947
486
Armistice September 12 1944
487
Treaty of Peace February 10 1947
492
Diplomatic Relations Renewed July 23 1947
494
Treaty of Peace February 10 1947
500
Diplomatic Relations Renewed September 29 1945
501
Declaration of War December 11 1941
502
Surrender May 8 1945
505
Instruments on the Initial Occupation and Control June 5 1945
506
Address of Secretary Byrnes September 6 1946__
522
Economic Fusion of American and British Zones of Occupation 1946
528
Statements by Secre tary Marshall MarchApril 1947
541
Directive to Commander in Chief of the United States Forces of Occu pation July 11 1947
552
LevelofIndustry Talks August 2227 1947
562
Statements by Secre tary Marshall NovemberDecember 1947
568
Six Powers Conversation on Germany March June 1948
574
Military Security Board for Western Zones of Germany January
581
b Occupation Statute
586
c Trizonal Fusion Agreement
588
International Authority for the Ruhr April 28 1949
590
Charter of the Allied Commission for Germany June 20 1949_
603
Establishment of Federal Republic of Germany September 21 1949
609
AUSTRIA
610
Recognition of Austrian Government January 7 1946
614
United States Position on Status of Austria October 28 1946
620
Statements by Sec retary Marshall March April 1947
621
Statement by Sec retary Marshall December 1947
623
Declaration of War December 8 1941
625
Initial PostSurrender Policy September 6 1945
627
Basic Initial PostSurrender Policy November 1 1945
633
Basic PostSurrender Policy July 1 1947
652
Activities of the Far Eastern Commission July 10 1947December 23 1948
660
Statement by the President September
669
Meetings of Joint Commission for Korea May 21October 18 1947
670
Discussion of Dollar Earning Problem between the United States
744
GREECE
753
Resolutions on the Greek Case Considered by Security Council
762
Establishing the United Nations Special Committee on the Balkans
768
Acheson October 17 1949__
773
INDIA PAKISTAN
782
INDONESIA
789
Resolution by the Security Council on the Indonesian Question
797
Statement by Secretary Acheson Novem
803
PALESTINE
810
Statement by President Truman
816
Statement by Warren
839
Resolution of the General
851
PHILIPPINES
860
Agreement on Military Bases March 4 1947
869
Agreement March 21 1947
881
Statement by the United States the United
887
TANGIER
894
TURKISH STRAITS
902
Cooperation for Peace
907
Senate Report 1440 Eight
919
United States Protest on Soviet Blockade of Berlin July 6 1948
934
Note from the United States
940
CURRENT INTERNATIONAL ISSUES
953
tional Military Tribunal for the Far East January 19 1946
961
United States Reply
993
Tripartite Agreement
1010
Examination of Matters Relating to Japanese Reparations January
1016
NONSELFGOVERNING PEOPLES
1025
Trusteeship Agreement for the Former Japanese Mandated Islands
1031
Caribbean
1039
Page
1047
VOTING PROCEDURE IN THE SECURITY COUNCIL
1057
Resolution of the General Assembly December 13 1946
1065
Resolution of the General Assembly April 14 1949
1075
U S S R Proposals June 19 1946_
1087
United States Memorandum No 1 July 2 1946
1093
United States Memorandum No 3 July 12 1946
1102
Second Report of the Commission September 11 1947
1111
Third Report of the Commission May 17 1948
1119
Statement
1131
ARMED FORCES FOR THE UNITED NATIONS
1143
Convention on the International Transmission of News and
1148
Universal Declaration of Human Rights December 10 1948
1156
Resolution of the General Assembly Condemning the Violations
1171
Note from the United
1177
Statement by Department of State
1183
United States Position on Electoral Procedures and Suppression
1189
Statement by Secretary Stet
1195
Statement by the Depart
1202
Letter from the United
1209
DISPLACED PERSONS
1215
INFORMATION AND EDUCATIONAL EXCHANGE
1224
Fulbright Act 1946
1235
Resolution of General Assembly De cember 11 1946
1237
Resolu tion of the General Assembly November 18 1948
1239
International Childrens Emergency Fund Assistance Act of 1948_
1241
Act to Provide for Further Contributions to ICEF 1949_
1242
Relief Assistance to the People of Countries Devasted by War May 31 1947__
1243
Agreement between the United States and Austria June 25 1947
1246
Message from Greece to the United States March 3 1947__
1252
Truman Doctrine March 12 1947
1253
Act to Provide Further Assistance to Greece and Turkey 1947
1257
Agreement on Aid to Greece June 20 1947
1261
Agreement on Aid to Turkey July 12 1947
1265
GreekTurkish Assistance Act of 1948
1267
Remarks by Secretary Marshall at Harvard June 5 1947
1268
Statement of Secretary Marshall Novem ber 10 1947__
1270
Foreign Aid Interim Aid Act of 1947
1278
Message of the President to Congress December 19 1947
1284
Economic Cooperation Act of 1948
1299
Act to Amend the Economic Cooperation Act of 1948
1322
COLLECTIVE SELFDEFENSE 306 North Atlantic Treaty April 4 1949
1328
Report of the Secretary of State to the President April 7 1949
1332
Report of the Committee on Foreign Relations June 6 1949
1339
Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1949
1356
Resolution of the General Assembly December 4 1948 1364
Excerpt from the Presidents Inaugural Address January 20 1949 1366
Message from the President to Congress June 24 1949_ 1367
Resolution of the General Assembly Novem ber 16 1949 1372

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 5 - ... the betterment of world-wide economic relations. To that end, they shall include provision for agreed action by the United States of America and the United Kingdom, open to participation by all other countries of like mind, directed to the expansion, by appropriate international and domestic measures, of production, employment, and the exchange and consumption of goods, which are the material foundations of the liberty and welfare of all peoples; to the elimination of all forms of discriminatory...
Page 327 - DECLARE that since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed; that ignorance of each other's ways and lives has been a common cause, throughout the history of mankind, of that suspicion and mistrust between the peoples of the world through which their differences have all too often broken into war...
Page 409 - SecretaryGeneral and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any other authority external to the Organization. They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on their position as international officials responsible only to the Organization.
Page 147 - Declarations made under Article 36 of the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and which are still in force shall be deemed, as between the parties to the present Statute, to be acceptances of the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice for the period which they still have to run and in accordance with their terms. 6. In the event of a dispute as to whether the Court has jurisdiction, the matter shall be settled by the decision of the Court.
Page 349 - Article 105 1. The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfillment of its purposes. 2. Representatives of the Members of the United Nations and officials of the Organization shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connection with the Organization.
Page 1 - The fourth is freedom from fear — which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor — anywhere in the world.
Page 348 - Each member of the General Assembly shall have one vote. 2. Decisions of the General Assembly on important questions shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting. These questions shall include: recommendations with respect to the maintenance of international peace and security...
Page 432 - The High Contracting Parties agree that an armed attack by any State against an American State shall be considered as an attack against all the American States and, consequently, each one of the said Contracting Parties undertakes to assist in meeting the attack in the exercise of the inherent right of individual or collective self-defense recognized by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations.
Page 122 - A member of the United Nations which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to the Organization shall have no vote in the General Assembly if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the contributions due from it for the preceding two full years. The General Assembly may, nevertheless, permit such a Member to vote if it is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the Member.
Page 135 - All functions of the United Nations relating to strategic areas, including the approval of the terms of the trusteeship agreements and of their alteration or amendment, shall be exercised by the Security Council.

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