A Disciplined Intelligence: Critical Inquiry and Canadian Thought in the Victorian Era
Concentrating on the thought of Canada's major scientists, philosophers, and clerics – men such as William Dawson and Daniel Wilson, John Watson and W.D. LeSeur, G.M. Grant and Salem Bland – A Disciplined Intelligence begins by reconstructing the central strands of intellectual and moral orthodoxy prevalent in Anglo-Canadian colleges on the eve of the Darwinian revolution. These include Scottish common sense philosophy and the natural theology of William Paley. The destructive impact of evolutionary ideas on that orthodoxy and the major exponents of the new forms of social evolution – Spencerian and Hegelian alike – are examined in detail.
By the twentieth century the centre of Anglo-Canadian thought had been transformed by what had become a new, evolutionary orthodoxy. The legacy of this triumphant intellectual movement, British idealism, was immense. It helped to destroy Protestant denominationalism, provide the philosophical core of the social gospel movement, and constitute a major force behind the creation of the United Church of Canada. Throughout the nineteenth century and continuing into the twentieth, however, the moral imperative in Anglo-Canadian thought remained a constant presence.
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A. B. McKillop American Anglo-Canadian Baconian Beaven belief Bovell Bovell's British North America Caird Canada Canadian Canadian intellectual Christian Guardian claimed Clark Murray CMNR Common Sense school conception consciousness critical culture Dalhousie Gazette Daniel Wilson Darwin Darwinian Disciplined Intelligence Divine doctrine dualism Edward Caird Egerton Ryerson Emphasis in original essay ethics evidence evolution existence fact faculties faith George Paxton Young Hamilton human Ibid idea idealism idealist influence inquiry James George John Watson Kant Kingston knowledge laws lectures Lyall man's mental metaphysics Methodist mind modern moral nature moral philosophy Nathanael Burwash natural theology nineteenth century Northrop Frye Paley Paley's piety principles professor rational RBCM reason Reid religion religious revelation Review Ryerson scientific Scottish Philosophy secular Sir William social species Spencer spirit theory thought tion tradition truth University of Toronto Victoria College W. D. LeSueur William Dawson wrote