A Disease Once Sacred: A History of the Medical Understanding of Epilepsy
Epilepsy has been known to afflict human beings throughout most of the span of recorded history. In ancient times it was referred to as the sacred disease, and this was the title of what was, until quite recently, the earliest known surviving written work on the disorder. However, an that ancient account the term sacred disease was used ironically, the argument being that the disorder was anything but sacred in its nature. It was simply a physical illness and not the product of some supernatural intervention into the course of human life.
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THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF EPILEPSY
The Renaissance to the Enlightenment
The 19th Century to Jackson
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19th century absence seizures activity ancient animal spirits antiepileptic appeared Aretaeus attacks aura bilateral tonic-clonic blood body brain function causes of epilepsy cerebral cortex Chapter clinical complex partial seizures concept considered contemporary convulsive seizures cure definition of epilepsy described disorder earlier eclampsia effects electroencephalography epileptic discharge epileptic process epileptic seizures epileptiform epileptogenic explain Galen generalised epilepsy Gowers Hippocratic humour hypothesis hysteria idea idiopathic idiopathic epilepsy interpretation involved irritation Jackson John Hughlings Jackson later ligature localisation London loss of consciousness manifestations mechanisms medicine medulla oblongata mentioned Morbus motor muscle myoclonic nature nerves Nervous Stock nervous system Neurology occurred origin Paracelsus paroxysmal partial epilepsy pathology patient phenomena phlegm potassium bromide present produced recognised reflex regarded Reynolds Sacred Disease Sakikku seems simple partial seizures sometimes spasm substances sufferer supernatural symptoms Temkin therapeutic therapy tion Todd tonic-clonic seizures translation treatment of epilepsy understanding of epilepsy various ventricles vertigo whilst Willis writings