A Final Promise: The Campaign to Assimilate the Indians, 1880-1920
"This is an important book. In the latter nineteenth century, diverse and influential elements in white America combined forces to settle the 'Indian question' through assimilation. . . . The results were the essentially treaty-breaking Dawes Act of 1887, related legislation, and dubious court decisions. Schoolteachers and missionaries were dispatched to the reservations en masse. Eventual 'citizenship' without functional rights was given Native Americans; the Indians lost two-thirds of reservation land as it had existed before the assimilationist campaign. . . . With insight and skill that go well beyond craft, Hoxie has admirably defined issues and motives, placed economic/political/social interaction into cogent perspective, brought numerous Anglo and Indian individuals and organizations to life, and set forth important lessons."-Choice. "This significant study of Indian-white relations during a complex time in national politics deserves close attention."-American Indian Quarterly. "Important and intellectually challenging . . . This volume goes far to fill a large gap in the history of United States Indian policy."-Journal of American History. Frederick E. Hoxie is director of the D'Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian at the Newberry Library. He coedited (with Joan Mark) E. Jane Gay's With the Nez Percs: Alice Fletcher in the Field, 1889-92 (Nebraska 1981).
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
The Appeal of Assimilation i
The Transformation of the Indian Question
Frozen in Time and Space
The Emergence of a Colonial Land Policy
Schools for a Dependent People
Redefining Indian Citizenship
The Irony of Assimilation
Other editions - View all
administration Alice Fletcher allotment allottees Amendment to H.R. American Indian anthropologists appropriations ARCIA areas argued assimilation campaign believed bill boarding schools Boas Bureau Carlisle citizens civilization Commissioner of Indian Congress culture Dawes Act dian early twentieth century Ethnology federal George Bird Grinnell government's Grinnell guardianship Helen Hunt Jackson Henry Dawes Herbert Welsh Indian Affairs Indian assimilation Indian citizenship Indian education Indian lands Indian Office Indian policy Indian Problem Indian Rights Association Indian school Indian Territory IRA Papers January John Wesley Powell land cessions leasing Leupp Lewis Henry Morgan Lummis March McGee ment Morgan Native Americans non-Indian Oklahoma Omaha policy makers political politicians Powell Pratt progress promised protection race racial railroad reformers reservation scientists Sells Senate severalty social society Standing Bear Theodore Roosevelt tion total assimilation treaty tribes U.S. Statutes University vote Washington West western William wrote York