A Functional Perspective of Cohesion in English
GRIN Verlag, 2007 - 40 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2001 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 3,0 (3), http: //www.uni-jena.de/ (Institute for English Language Sciences), course: Pre-seminar, 6 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Analysing texts of any kind is a very useful method for the aim of describing language functions. When we speak of a text, we speak of "Any passage, spoken or written, of whatever length, that forms a unified whole." The question that is put first is what is a text and what is not, what are the features that distinguish text from a collection of unrelated sentences. Halliday points out that every text has a texture. "A text derives this texture from the fact that it functions as a unity with respect to its environment." There are certain linguistic features that contribute to textual unity. Apart from other concepts this fact is described by the concept of cohesion. "The concept of cohesion is a semantic one; it refers to relations of meaning that exist within the text, and that define it as a text. Cohesion occurs where the interpretation of some element in the discourse is dependent on that of another." Formulated in other words, cohesion implies semantic resources for linking a sentence with was has gone before. The aim of this paper is to give a survey of the textual phenomenon cohesion by describing it with the help of an article of a newspaper. By analysing this article the paper pays attention to the linguistic resources of cohesion which are reference, ellipsis and conjunction, to point out how the resources help to create text, to organize text and experience the interpersonal and the experiential coherence of the text.
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1997 for Arsenal 22-year-old striker additive conjunction Additive relations analysis Anaphoric reference Anelka and PSG Anelka answered fans Anelka has asked Anelka wants asked his brothers career with PSG cataphoric Claude and Didier clausal substitution coherence cohesion in English cohesive reference comparison conjunctions related create text definite article demonstratives determines a subclass disappointing results ellipsis proper endless criticism endophoric Euro 2000 squad example exophoric reference express football France´s successful Euro Functional Grammar functional perspective Halliday and Hasan happy for long headline icecream J.R. Martin linguistic resource move from PSG never been happy Nicolas Anelka Paris Saint-Germain performances and arguments personal pronoun perspective of cohesion professional career proper and substitution PSG´s website reader Real last season Real Madrid refer back resources of cohesion results and endless season of complaining semantic starting his professional striker is fed text-presented knowledge textual phenomenon transferred to Real typical Verbal ellipsis website by saying words
Page 1 - Cohesion occurs where the INTERPRETATION of some element in the discourse is dependent on that of another. The one PRESUPPOSES the other, in the sense that it cannot be effectively decoded except by recourse to it.
Page 1 - A text has texture, and this is what distinguishes it from something that is not a text. It derives this texture from the fact that it functions as a unity with respect to its environment.
Page 2 - Cohesion does not concern what a text means; it concerns how the text is constructed as a semantic edifice [p.
Page 12 - A TEXT will be defined as a COMMUNICATIVE OCCURRENCE which meets seven standards of TEXTUALITY.
Page 11 - A text does not make sense by itself but rather by the interaction of text-presented knowledge with people's stored knowledge of the world.
Page 1 - Hasan (op cit: 1 ) refer to text as any passage, spoken or written of whatever length that forms a unified whole.
Page 11 - Halliday describes conjunction as somewhat different from the other cohesive relations. ,,It is based on the assumption that there are in the linguistic system forms of semantic relationships between sentences."27 Conjunctions are the linkages between the components of a text.