A Gateway Between a Distant God and a Cruel World: The Contribution of Jewish German-Speaking Scholars to International Law
Through a collective biographical methodology of four scholars (Hans Kelsen, Hans J. Morgenthau, Hersch Lauterpacht and Erich Kaufmann) this book investigates how Jewish identity and intellectual ties to Judaic civilisation in the German speaking and legal context influenced international law. By using biblical constitutive metaphors, it argues that Jewish German lawyers inherited, inter alia , a particular Jewish legal approach that 'made' their understanding of the law as a means to reach God. The overarching argument is that because of their Jewish heritage, Jewish scholars inherited the endorsement of earthly particularism for the sake of universalism and the other way around: for the sake of universalism, humanity's differences need to be solved through the law.
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2 Historical Background
3 Jews Universities and International Law
4 First Steps towards Jewish Gateways to God in International Law
Background Career Intellectual Seasons and Judaic Affiliations
6 The Gateways to God of the Dramatis Personae
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academic according alternatives and/or anti-Semitism argues argument assimilation bellum iustum Berlin Carl Schmitt century chapter Christian civil con concept consciousness constitutional cosmopolitan cultural dichotomy discussed doctrine Enlightenment ethical European fact factual Galicia Gans Gateway German God’s Grundnorm Habsburg Empire Hans Kelsen Haskalah Hegel historical Ibid idea ideal identity individual influence instance intellectual international law international lawyers international legal Jellinek Jewish emancipation Jewish legal Jewish-German Jews Judaism jurist justice Kant Kant’s Kaufmann Kelsen Koskenniemi 2001 Lauterpacht and Morgenthau law faculty law’s legal approach legal positivism legal system liberal Martti Koskenniemi Maskilim means Mendelssohn modern moral natural law Nawiasky Neo-Kantian non liquet norms one’s particular philosophy political position positivism positivistic principles professional protagonists realistic reality relationship religion religious remains Riesser Schmitt scholars scientific secular society sovereign sovereignty specific spiritual Stahl state’s Stolleis structure theory tion tional law tradition Truth understanding universal validity Vienna Zionism