A Genealogy of the Ancient Flemings
A medieval tradition alleges that the various branches of the Fleming family of the British Isles are descended from the three sons of an earl of Flanders. Pitted against this tradition is the more recent allegation, first made no earlier than the eighteenth century, that unrelated families immigrated in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries to the British Isles from Flanders and independently chose Fleming as a surname. What do historical records have to say concerning these two opposing views? In this publication it is asserted that the records are unanimously in favour of ancient tradition and that the modern allegation is nonsense. The traditional "earl of Flanders" was in reality a man named Erkenbald, the son of an exiled Flemish nobleman living in Normandy during the first half of the eleventh century. Erkenbald the Fleming came to England with William the Conqueror in 1066, and through him are the Flemings of the British Isles descended from one of the great noble houses of Flanders.
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abbey of Holy ancestor ancient Flemings Archembald le Fleming Available for download Baldwin Flandrensis Baldwinus le Flemeng Barons Slane Bratton Fleming British Isles brother castellan of Saint-Omer castle census charter Conqueror Cornwall County Meath County Somerset County Tipperary Crusade Cumbria descended Devonshire and Cornwall Domesday Book Douglas Duke eldest England Erchenbaldus Flandrensis Erkenbald Flandrensis Erkenbald the Fleming Erkenbald vicecomes filius Willelmi fitz Osbern Flanders Fleming family Fleming surname Furness Abbey genealogy grandson great-grandson heirs Henry II Holy Trinity Hugh de Lacy Ireland Irish John le Flemeng King John knights lands Malcolm male line manor medieval records Michael le Fleming Norman Normandy Pipe Roll Pipe Roll 31 probably Ranulf le Meschin Ricardus Richard Flandrensis Richard le Fleming Robert fitz Hamon Robert Flandrensis Roll 31 Henry Saint-Bertin Scotland sheriff Stephen Flandrensis Stephen le Fleming Theobald three sons Waleran Wales Wigton Willelmus filius Willelmus Flandrensis William Flandrensis William le Fleming Yorkshire