A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb, Volume 1970
This book was originally published in 1970. Aspect - the relationship between imperfective and perfective verbs - has always been one of the features of Russian grammar that English-speaking students find particularly difficult. It has in fact often appeared to be an insoluble mystery, largely because of the frequency of exceptions to the stated rules. Mr Forsyth suggests that this is the fault of the rules, and that the difficulties in the way of understanding the functioning of aspect stem chiefly from the faulty basis of the traditional definitions. The operation of imperfective and perfective are examined in all forms of the verb including the imperative, infinitive, participles and gerunds, and their usage is amply illustrated by examples from Russian. The aim is to present a total picture of aspect in the Russian language which will be of practical interest to advanced students of Russian, and also contributed to the theoretical study of aspect as a grammatical category.
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Aspect and form
Present and future tenses page 1
ModalsII Infinitive and other constructions
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3aBTpa 6yaeT 6yay A. N. Tolstoy action denoted adverbs Aksyonov Anikina aspect aspectual pairs basic Belevitskaya-Khalizeva Bflpyr Chekhov conation context derived e.g. oh emphasis Erenburg Eumea e nymu examples express expressional fact fective flBepb frequently function future tense gerund Gor'ky Haao Haflo hjih IlempoeKa imperfective forms imperfective future imperfective imperative imperfective infinitive imperfective past implied indeterminate verbs inherent instance Ivanov KecmoKocmb khho Koraa lexical meaning Maslov MeHa multiple action negated Nikolayeva Nilin normally nuances occur opposition participle past form past tense Pasternak perfective aspect perfective present perfective verb perform the action predicators prefix present tense procedural reference repeated action repetition Rozov semantic Semyonov Sholokhov single action speaker specific subordinate clauses suffix Syomin Te6a Tendryakov tive total event Tuxuu type of action verb forms verbs of motion Vinogradov yace