A Grammar of Boumaa Fijian
The people who live in the Boumaa region of the Fijian island of Taveuni speak a dialect of Fijian that is mutually intelligible with Standard Fijian, the two differing as much perhaps as do the American and British varieties of English. During 1985, R. M. W. Dixon—one of the most insightful of linguists engaged in descriptive studies today—lived in the village of Waitabu and studied the language spoken there. He found in Boumaa Fijian a wealth of striking features unknown in commonly studied languages and on the basis of his fieldwork prepared this grammar.
Fijian is an agglutinating language, one in which words are formed by the profligate combining of morphemes. There are no case inflections, and tense and aspect as shown by independent clitics or words within a predicate complex. Most verbs come in both transitive and intransitive forms, and nouns can be build up regularly from verbal parts and verbs from nouns. The language is also marked by a highly developed pronoun system and by a vocabulary rich in areas of social significance.
In the opening chapters, Dixon describes the Islands' political, social, and linguistic organization, outlines the main points of Fijian phonology, and presents an overview of the grammar. In succeeding chapters, he examines a number of grammatical topics in greater detail, including clause and phrase structure, verbal syntax, deictics, and anaphora. The volume also includes a full vocabulary of all forms treated in discussion and three of the fifteen texts recorded from monolingual village elders on which the grammar is based.
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Syntactic Overview IClause and Phrase Structure
Syntactic Overview IIVerbs
The Relator me
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A-type adjective adverb art 3sg art CLASSif-3sg art Place art Title asp art asp go ASP+THEN baleta Boumaa bound noun Ca'audrove ca'e cauravou cava clausal NP common article complement clause derived dialect diphthong e-na eirau Fiji Fijian function gauna grammatical i+na Intr intransitive kava la'i la'o levu lexeme Loan mada main clause marker mataqali meaning Narova o-na object occur passive Paul Geraghty phonological word possessor post-head modifier pre-head predicate head prefix PREP+3sg art preposition Raatuu Raavouvou of Boumaa rai-ca rawa reduplicated referring relative clause root sara sega semantic sentence Sepo slot Somosomo speakers subject pronoun syllable syntactic ta'ina tamata tauco'o Taveuni tell-TR ti'o to'a Tongan transitive form transitive suffix transitive verb tu'u-na Tui Ca'au va'a vanua Vanua Levu vata verb village vina'a vowel Waini'eli Waitabu yaco yane