A Grammar of Chiapas Zoque
This book provides a clear and comprehensive description of the Ocotepec/Tapalapa variant of Chiapas Zoque. Zoque is one of the two major branches of the Mixe-Zoquean language family, spoken in the southern part of Mexico. Until the Spanish conquest in the sixteenth century the Mixe-Zoquean languages covered a large area from Veracruz on the Gulf coast to the border of Guatemala and the Pacific coast. Inscriptions in Zoque from the first half of the first millennium AD are the oldest known linguistic documents in Mesoamerica.The Zoquean area once included the entire heartland of the Olmecs, who almost certainly spoke a proto-Zoquean or proto-Mixe-Zoquean language. The Zoques are thus the most likely direct descendents of the oldest known civilization of Mexico. As a result of a long history of close contact, Zoque and Mayan share areal features, and there are lexical borrowings in both directions, but genetically and typologically they are clearly distinct. The Zoque-speaking area has shrunk considerably since pre-colonial times. In 1982 an eruption from the volcano Chichonal destroyed a central part of the Zoque core area and caused a mass migration of Zoque speakers to parts of Mexico where Spanish is the dominant language. This record of an unusual and critically endangered language will be a vital resource for linguists of all theoretical persuasions.
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1st person absolutive adjective adverbial affricate antipassive attached auxiliary Bolom can-ICP Chiapas clitic CNEG complementizer compound consonant core arguments Cuentos 365 entonses ergative examples expressed free clitics function FUT-ICP FUT-ICP=1ABS FUT-ICP=1ERG glottal stop grammatical head Historia 66 INEG inflection internal relativization interrogative intransitive verb jana ji'n judii judü language lexical main verb Makat man-pa marker means metsa mij-tsi morphological müja mus-pa nasal negation nimeke nominal non-verbal noun phrase object Ocotepec oy-u person ergative person plural person prefix phonological plural suffix possessor preceded predicator PRO1-ERG PRO1-GEN PRO2-ABS pronoun pün relative clause relativizer relativizer pü s/he Sabiduría 14 second person semantic sentence series A prefix Spanish subjunctive suffix suñi Tapalapa te’yi third person tiyū tortilla toya transitive tumi'n Tumnaka tumü tumü-naka tuwi Tuxtla Gutiérrez ūj-Ø üj-t velar vowel harmony wa'a woman word yempe yomo yüti Zoque Zoque language