A Grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir

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Walter de Gruyter, 2003 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 609 pages
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Kolyma Yukaghir is a seriously endangered language spoken by about 50 people in the northeast of Asiatic Russia. It is one of the two surviving languages of the Yukaghir family, which is considered by different scholars either as an isolate left over from before the expansion of other languages and language families into Siberia, or as a distant relative of the Uralic family. In many ways, Yukaghir fits the grammatical type widespread among the languages of Siberia, namely that of predominantly verb-final dependent-marking language with relatively rich agglumative morphology and deranking strategies of clause linking. Furthermore, it has a number of typologically remarkably features, which will be of interest to general linguists irrespective of their theoretical orientation. These include Yukaghir focus-marking system, differential object marking based on global effects of person hierarchy, the obligatory use of bound possesive markers to indicate non-coreference of the possessor with the subject, elaborated switch-reference system, initimate interaction between aspect and valence-changing derivation, etc.

The book incorporates all major components of descriptive grammar, from phonology to syntax, with a special chapter on coreference and discourse coherence, annotated and translated sample texts, a Yukaghir-English vocabulary, and a subject index. The description is based on extensive field materials and richly exemplified by non-elicited data. The organization of the book facilitates its use as a reference grammar, with numerous cross-references between sections and concise summaries of interrelated phenomena discussed in various parts of the grammar.

The book is of interest to scholars of Uralic and Siberian languages, linguistic typology, and general linguistics.

 

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Contents

Kolyma Yukaghir and its speakers
19
Phonology
29
Word stress
58
Nominal morphology
73
Other nominal forms
116
Verb morphology
139
Valencechanging morphology
210
Morphology of closed classes
233
Syntax of the clause
325
Clause chaining
369
The concessive construction
399
Nominal predicates and grammatical Focus
437
Sentence types and negation
473
Coreference and discourse coherence
513
Appendices
541
Notes
583

Numerals
260
Noun phrase and postpositional phrase
281
Postpositional phrases
319

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About the author (2003)

Elena Maslova teaches at the German Department of the University of Bielefeld, Germany and is a visiting scholar at Stanford University.

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