A Grammar of the Icelandic Or Old Norse Tongue

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John Benjamins Publishing, Jan 1, 1976 - Foreign Language Study - 272 pages
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This volume contains a reprint of the English translation (1843) by Sir George Webbe Dasent of Rask s "Anvising till Islandskan eller Nordiska Fornspraket" (1818). This re-edition, with an added bio-bibliography of Rask, should enable the linguist of today to obtain a fairly rounded picture of this important 19th-century scholar who, together with Bopp and Grimm, has justly been ranked among the founding fathers of the comparative-historical study of Indo-European languages.Rasmus Kristian Rask (1787 1832) did not occupy himself with historical linguistics alone as a comparativist, but also with language as a system based on a notion of structure comprised of three key ideas: the idea of wholeness, the idea of transformation (derivation and composition), and the idea of self-regulation. He formulated theoretical and practical premises for the composition of grammars, and in this he was far ahead of his time and in closer proximity to the linguistic concerns and problems of our era. From both theoretical and pedagogical points of view, Rask s grammar of Icelandic remains a most remarkable work.
 

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Contents

FOREWORD
vii
PREFACE
ix
RASMUS KRISTIAN RASK HIS LIFE AND WORK
xv
SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY OF RASKS WORKS
xxxvi
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES
xliv
A NOTE ON THE TRANSLATION
liii
CORRECTIONS
lviii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
lix
CHAPTER XII Composition
170
FOURTH PART Syntax
180
CHAPTER XIV Syntax of Substantives
183
CHAPTER XV Syntax of Adjectives
185
CHAPTER XVI Syntax of Pronouns
186
CHAPTER XVII Syntax of Verbs
190
CHAPTER XVIII Particles
195
CHAPTER XIX Of Ellipses
202

Translators Preface
lxiii
FIRST PART The System of the Alphabet
1
CHAPTER II Of Pronunciation
6
CHAPTER III On the change of sound in the old Norse
34
CHAPTER IV On the transition of words
41
SECOND PART The System of Inflection
49
CHAPTER VI Of Adjectives
77
CHAPTER VII Of Pronouns
94
CHAPTER VIII Of Verbs
108
CHAPTER IX Of the Particles
139
THIRD PART The Formation of words
141
CHAPTER XI Derivation
143
FIFTH PART Prosody
204
CHAPTER XXI Of the different kinds of verse
211
CHAPTER XXII Kinds of Poetry
222
CHAPTER XXIII Modern Poetry
223
SIXTH PART Of the Dialects
227
CHAPTER XXV The Oldest and Poetic Dialect
230
CHAPTER XXVI The modern Tongue
241
EXTRACTS IN PROSE AND VERSE BY WAY OF PRAXIS
247
A Hinar fornu runir
273
The series AMSTERDAM CLASSICS IN LINGUISTICS 18001925
274
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