A Grammar of the Somali Language: With Examples in Prose and Verse, and an Account of the Yibir and Midgan Dialects
Somali is one of the Cushitic family of languages spoken in the horn of Africa and the official language of Somalia. This practical grammar, published in 1905, was prepared by J. W. C. Kirk, who first learnt to speak the language during his service with Somali troops during the British Empire's failed attempt in 1902-1904 to wrest control of the region from the Dervish state under Muhammad Abdullah Hassan. His unique knowledge of the interior of the country and the different tribes making up the population meant that Kirk's insights were invaluable in advancing scholarly knowledge in the West. Perhaps as importantly, Kirk also records a number of literary examples with his translations of Somali stories and songs. Another appendix explores the dialects of the Midgan (or Madhiban) and Yibir, both minority tribes who kept their languages secret from mainstream Somali society.
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Comparison of Adjectives
P Interjections and Salutations
A Structure of a Simple Sentence
B The Parts or Speech
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adjective Adverbs ahain akhalki Aorist Arabic arkei askari badan bannu Burao burta camels Conjugation da'ei dambe definite article English Examples Farah father fnanki ghan girl gursadei gursan Habiyo Butiya Habr Hamar horse illalos inan inflexions Interrogative Ishhak iyannu iyei jira jirei jirin kaga kala kaleh Kolkas Kolkasei Kolkasu Kolkasu yidi kolki Kulhfdas laba laga laghei lagu laha language lehh libahh linking consonant looted maan magaloda mahhad mare marry masculine mayo mianan Midgan milk Mullah nagti Negative nin ba ninka ninki noun numeral ollki particle Personal Pronouns Plur plural Possessive Possessive adjective Preterite qualified raghahh samein sentence shan sheg shegi shego Sing Sirkal sirkalku Somali Somali Language Subjunctive Suldanki Sultan Swayne tagnei tegei tell tenses tidi tribes verb vowel wada wadadki wahh wahhai wanaksan wein woman word wuhhu yidi yaghan Yibir yidi yimi zariba