A Greek Reader: Selected Chiefly from Jacobs' Greek Reader : Adapted to Bullions' Greek Grammar with an Introduction on the Idioms of the Greek Language, Notes Critical and Explanatory and an Improved Lexicon

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Pratt, Woodford, 1849 - Greek language - 551 pages
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Page 77 - magni laboris{ multum scribere.k The Dative. The dative denotes the remote object to which any thing is done or given, or that to which any quality, action, or state tends or refers, without directly acting upon it. and is governed chiefly, 1. By substantives, 110. 2. By adjectives, 111. 3. By verbs, 112, 123, and 126; R. III. and R. XXXIII. 10. The Dative governed by Substantives and Adjectives. Clodius semper virtutibus™ hostis
Page 33 - He supplies with arms, the city ar mis ornat, already excited. 64. When a verb, which in the active voice governs two cases, is used in the passive form, that which was the immediate object in the accusative, becomes the subject in the nominative, and the remote object in its own case immediately follows the verb. Thus, the examples No. 62, may be arranged and translated as follows, 126. 1. Arguor furti, /am accused of theft. 2. Virgilius comparator Ho- Virgil is compared to Homer.
Page 10 - ... if they refer to the subject of the sentence. The sense will shew when this is to be done and what pronoun is to be used; as, 1. Filius simllis patri, A son like his father.
Page 70 - The subject or thing spoken of, before a finite verb, is always in the nominative case, and has a verb agreeing with it by R. IV The predicate, or the thing affirmed or denied of the subject, is usually placed after it, and is expressed two ways, as follows : 1. The predicate consists of a noun, an adjective, or a participle, in the same case with the subject, and connected with it by an intransitive verb, or passive verb of naming, appointing, &c., called the copula.
Page 7 - To or for. Abl. With, from, in, by, &c. * A Latin idiom, strictly speaking, is a mode of speech peculiar to the Latin language. It is here used in a more extended sense, to denote a mode of speech different from the English, or which, if rendered word for word, and with the ordinary signs of eases, moods, tenses, &c., would not make a correct English sentence.
Page 11 - Aesng] a boy. Adjectives and Substantives. 14. In translating an adjective or adjective pronoun and a substantive together, the adjective is commonly placed first, and the sign of the case is prefixed to it, and not to the noun, $ 98, R. II. ; as, 1. Nom.
Page 12 - Viri sapientis et docti, Of a man wise and learned; or Sapientis et docti viri, Of a wise and learned man. 16. The adjective must be placed after its substantive when the former has a negative joined with it, or another word in the sentence governed by it, or dependent upon it. So also solus; as, 1. Dux perltus belli, A general skilled in war.
Page 33 - IDIOMS. 29 \ 63. But when the remote object is a relative, or when the immediate object is an infinitive, or a clause of a sentence, or a noun further described by other words, the remote object must be translated first ; as, 1.
Page 13 - The bravest soldier in the army. ercltu, 24. When the superlative does not express comparison, but only eminence or distinction, it is translated with the article a or an prefixed in the singular, and without an article in the plural ; or by the positive, with very, eminently, &c., prefixed, ( 25,) ; as, 1. Homo doctisstmus, A most learned (or a very learned) man.
Page 12 - Suprfmus dies, The last day. 19. An adjective without a substantive usually has a substantive understood, but obvious from the connexion, 98, Obs. 5. Masculine adjectives, (if plural,) commonly agree with homines, or, if possessives, with amici, cives, or milites, understood; and neuters, with factum, negotium, verbum, tempus, &c. ; as, 1. Boni (homines) sunt rari, Good men are rare, 2. Ccesar misit suos...

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