A Guide to the Jerusalem Talmud
This book is a compilation and composition of the Jerusalem Talmud, the cultural, economic and political conditions in the Land of Israel during its development, the scholars who studied it throughout the generations, and a synopsis of their research and commentaries.Examined in detail is the transformation of the Roman empire from paganism to Christianity and the effect this has had on the Jerusalem Talmud. Also explored is the sordid and almost successful attempt at the end of the 1800's to present a forged work as the newly "discovered" missing Order of the Jerusalem Talmud.Jewish Law is based on the Talmud which was codified approximately 1500 years ago. There are actually two Talmuds, one which was codified in Babylonia (The Babylonian Talmud) and the other which was codified in the Land of Israel (The Jerusalem Talmud.) The differences between these two Talmuds and why one was eclipsed by the other are amongthe issues addressed in this work.Although the Jerusalem Talmud was superceded by the younger Babylonian Talmud it is, nevertheless, a massive work that contains not only a collection of Jewish Law and lore, but also important historical, political and cultural information regarding the Land of Israel and the Roman empire ca. 220 - 375 C.E.Although, there are literally thousands of works that have been published on the Babylonian Talmud, there are very few on the Jerusalem Talmud. This textbook is a unique "how-to" guide that also summarizes the research and scholarly work performed on the Jerusalem Talmud throughout the generations. It is useful to both scholar and layman to understand how the Jerusalem Talmud was formulated and how it subsequently helped shape the lives and beliefs of the Jewish people.
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Under the Roman Empire
Julian the Apostate
The Abortive Attempt to Rebuild the Jewish Temple
The Language of the Jerusalem Talmud
Manuscript with commentary of Solomon Sirillo
Amoraim in the Land of Israel
First Generation 220250
Second Generation 250290
Third Generation 290320
Fourth Generation 320350
Fifth Generation 350375
The Patriarchate and the Sanhedrin
The Sanhedrin at Yavneh
The Sanhedrin at Usha
The Sanhedrin at Sepphoris
The Sanhedrin at Tiberias
Social and Economic Conditions in the Land of Israel
The Battle for Supremacy of the Two Talmuds
Printing the Jerusalem Talmud
Foreign Aggadic Text
Orders Kodashim and Teharot
The Fraudulent Yerushalmi on Order Kodashim
The Missing Text of the Yerushalmi
Cross Reference Vilna Edition to Editio Princeps
Abbahu Academy aggadic amora amoraim Aramaic Avin Babylonia Babylonian Talmud Baraitot Bava Batra Bava Kamma Bava Metzia Bavli and Yerushalmi Bavli equivalent Berakhot Bowersock century Christian commentary compiled Constantius editio princeps editor emperor fragments Frankel Friedlaender’s Gamliel Gemara Genizah Gershon Henikh Ginzberg ha-Yerushalmi halacha HEanina Hebrew Hiyya Horayot introduction Jerusalem Talmud Jewish Jews Julian Kelim Ketubot Kodashim Land of Israel Leiden manuscript Lieberman Makkot Margoliot Megillah Mishnah mishnah text Mishnayot missing chapters Nasi Niddah Nizikin Order Teharot Order Zeraim Palestine Palestinian Talmud Pnei Moshe printed Prof published quoted Rabbah Rabbi Rambam referred Resh Lakish revolt rishonim Rome ruling Sanhedrin says scholars Sepphoris Shabbat Shekalim Sherira Gaon Shimon Shmuel Sidrei Teharot Solomon Friedlaender Sugyot Sussmann Ta’anit Talmud Bavli Tannaim taxes Temple Tiberias Title Torah Tosafot Tosefta Venice Vilna edition words Ya’akov Yavneh Yehoshua Yehudah ha-Nasi Yehudah Nesi’a Yerushalmi yeshivah Yevamot Yirmeyah YohEanan Yose Zeraim
Page 39 - Since Gamaliel supposed that he could transgress the law with impunity all the more because he was elevated to the pinnacle of dignities. Your Illustrious Authority shall know that Our Serenity has directed orders to the Illustrious Master of the Offices, that the appointment documents to the honorary prefecture shall be taken from him, so that he shall remain in the honour that was his before he was granted the prefecture...
Page 40 - What they call the Mishnah, ... we prohibit entirely, for it is not included among the Holy Books, nor was it handed down from above by the prophets, but it is an invention of men in their chatter, exclusively of earthly origin and having in it nothing of the divine.