A Handbook of Military Conscription and Composition the World Over

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Lexington Books, Oct 16, 2011 - Social Science - 218 pages
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This book focuses on military conscription in 22 countries that represent the world's regions. The purpose is to shed light on the history, politics, and main events that led to the choice of conscription or professional military forces in the countries under study. While we acknowledge that practical and technological developments played major roles in this choice, we also understand that racial and gender relations, social group and political regime dynamics, regional influences, and international forces also affected military composition and relations to the rest of the society. Through this review, we aim at providing an easy-to-access source of knowledge about military mobilization policies and historical developments as well as the main ideas, politics, and events that shaped them. Through this review, we offer a glimpse on developments that influenced societies and political systems and were reflected in their militaries.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
PartI HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
3
Ch01 Military Conscription Past and Present
5
PartII COUNTRYBYCOUNTRY REVIEW
25
Ch02 Canada
27
Ch03 United States
36
Ch04 Argentina
47
Ch05 Brazil
53
Ch13 Poland
113
Ch14 Russia
121
Ch15 Israel
133
Ch16 Egypt
142
Ch17 Iran
150
Ch18 Nigeria
159
Ch19 South Africa
165
Ch20 India
173

Ch06 United Kingdom
60
Ch07 France
68
Ch08 Germany
75
Ch09 Italy
83
Ch10 Spain
91
Ch11 Sweden
100
Ch12 Hungary
106
Ch21 China
182
Ch22 Japan
190
Ch23 Australia
198
PartIII CONCLUDING COMMENTS
205
Ch24 Concluding Comments
207
Appendix
210
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Rita J. Simon is a professor in the School of Public Affairs and the Washington College of Law at American University.

Mohamed Alaa Abdel-Moneim is a doctoral student in the School of Public Affairs at American University

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