A Handbook of Tropical Soil Biology: Sampling and Characterization of Below-ground Biodiversity

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Routledge, May 4, 2012 - Science - 256 pages
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This practical handbook describes sampling and laboratory assessment methods for the biodiversity of a number of key functional groups of soil organisms, including insects, earthworms, nematodes, fungi and bacteria. The methods have been assembled and the protocols drafted by a number of scientists associated with the UNEP-GEF funded Conservation and Sustainable Management of Below-Ground Biodiversity Project, executed by the Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility (TSBF) Institute of the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). The methods provide a standardized basis for characterizing soil biodiversity and current land uses in terrestrial natural, semi-natural and agroecosystems in tropical forests and at forest margins. The aim is to assess soil biodiversity against current and historic land use practices both at plot and landscape scales and, further, to identify opportunities for improved sustainable land management through the introduction, management or remediation of soil biota, thus reducing the need for external inputs such as fertilizers and pesticides. The book also contains extensive advice on the handling of specimens and the allocation of organisms to strain or functional group type. Published with TSBF-CIAT, CTA, UNEP and GEF
 

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Contents

The Inventory of Soil Biological Diversity Concepts and General Guidelines
1
Sampling Strategy and Design to Evaluate Belowground Biodiversity
17
Macrofauna
43
Soil Collembola Acari and Other Mesofauna The Berlese Method
85
Soil Nematodes
97
Nitrogenfixing Leguminosaenodulating Bacteria
107
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi AMF
131
Saprophytic and Plant Pathogenic Soil Fungi
149
Sampling Conserving and Identifying Fruit Flies
175
Entomopathogenic Fungi and Nematodes
179
Description and Classification of Land Use at Sampling Locations for the Inventory of Belowground Biodiversity
185
Index
213
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About the author (2012)

Fatima M. S. Moreira is associate professor of soil microbiology and biochemistry in the Soil Science Department, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil. E. Jeroen Huising is a senior scientist at the Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Institute of CIAT, Nairobi, Kenya. David E. Bignell is professor of zoology, Queen Mary University of London, UK and visiting professor, Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

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