A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science
This new edition brings up to date this accessible study of the philosophy of science. Since the time of Plato and Aristotle, scientists and philosophers have raised questions about the proper evaluation of scientific interpretations.A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Scienceis an exposition of differing viewpoints on issues such as the distinction between scientific inquiry and other types of interpretation, the relationship between theories and observation reports; the evaluation of competing theories; and the nature of progress in science. The author makes accessible the philosophy of science to readers who may not have extensive knowledge of formal logic or the history of the several sciences. The third edition incorporates an extended discussion of recent developments. Historicist critics of Logical Empiricism have established that evaluative standards and cognitive aims have changed within the history of science. This edition examines these changes, the recent controversies over scientific realism, casual theories of explanation, Bayesian theories of confirmation, and the search for a non-prescriptive philosophy of science. philosophers have raised questions about the proper evaluation of scientific interpretations. This is a lucid and accessible introduction to the philosophy of science, ideal for readers who may not have the extensive knowledge of formal logic or the history of the several sciences. This new edition includes an extended discussion of such recent developments and controversies as new approaches to evaluative standards and cognitive aims, scientific realism, causal theories of explanation, Bayesian theories of confirmation, and the search for a non-prescriptive philosophy of science.
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Aristotles Philosophy of Science
The Pythagorean Orientation
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Absolute Space According achieved analogy application arguments Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's atoms axiom system Bacon believed Bode's Law bodies Carl Hempel causal causal relations cause claim colours concepts confirmation correlations deductive consequences Descartes discovery Duhem emphasized empirical laws entities entity realism evaluative evidence example existence experience experimental laws explanatory fact Feyerabend formulated Francis Bacon Galileo geometry Grosseteste Hempel Herschel history of science Hume hypothesis Ibid ideal important inductive insisted instance interpretation Kant Kepler knowledge Kuhn Lakatos Laudan Leibniz logical maintained mathematical mechanics metaphysical methodology Mill modus tollens motion Natural Ontological Attitude nature necessary truths Newton Newtonian observed Oxford paradigm particular phenomena philosophy of science physical planets Popper position predictive premisses Press principles procedure processes Pythagorean rational rational reconstruction Realism research programme scientific explanation scientific laws scientific method scientific progress Scientific Realism scientific theories scientists sequence specify statements structure suggested theorems trans University velocity Wesley Salmon Whewell