A History of Art Education: Intellectual and Social Currents in Teaching the Visual Arts

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Teachers College Press - Art - 305 pages
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Recent debates on the place of the arts in American life has refocused attention on art education in schools. In this book, the author puts current debate and concerns in a well-researched historical perspective. He examines the institutional settings of art education throughout Western history, the social forces that have shaped it and the evolution and impact of alternate streams of influence on present practice. The book treats the visual arts in relation to developments in general education and particular emphasis is placed on the 19th and 20th centuries and on the social context that has affected our concept of art today.

The book is intended as a main text in history of art education courses, as a supplemental text in courses in art education methods and history of education, and as a resource for students, professors and researchers.

 

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Contents

Art Education Its Social Context
1
Systems of Control
2
Social Context of the Arts
4
Plan of this Book
6
Western Origins of Art Education
8
Teaching the Arts During the Middle Ages
19
Teaching the Visual Arts During the Renaissance
26
The Age of Absolutism and the French Academy
34
Educational Movements at the Turn of the Century
160
Art Teaching Prior to World War I
171
Conclusions
185
The Expressionist and Reconstructionist Streams in Art Education
187
American Art During the Interwar Era
188
The Progressive Education Movement
189
The Expressive Stream
195
The Reconstructionist Stream
203

Art Education During the Enlightenment
41
Conclusions
46
The Visual Arts and the Industrial Revolution
49
Professional Art Instruction
52
The Visual Arts in the University
63
Conclusions
71
The Invention of Common School Art
73
European Origins of the Common School Pedagogy
76
The Beginnings of Public School Drawing Instruction
79
Impact of Pestalozzian Drawing in the United States
85
The Industrial Drawing Movement
92
Conclusions
113
The Stream of Romantic Idealism in Art Education
115
Froebel and the Kindergarten Movement
121
William Torrey Harris and Idealism
130
Ruskins Influence on Art Education
133
Art in the Education of Women in NineteenthCentury America
142
Schoolroom Decoration and Picture Study
145
Conclusions
146
Social Darwinism and the Quest for Beauty
148
American Art at the Turn of the Century
150
The British ArtsandCrafts Movement
151
Influence of Science on Educational Philosophers
156
Status of Art Teaching in the Schools
210
The Bauhaus in Germany
214
Visual Arts in Higher Education
219
Surveys of the Arts in America
220
Conclusions
222
Art Education from World War II to the Present
224
American Art During the Postwar Era
225
Twilight of the Progressive Era
227
The Reconstructionist Stream
230
The Expressionist Stream
234
Impact of the Cold War on Art Education
237
19651975
240
19721980
248
The 1980s
252
Postwar Innovations in Art Education
255
The Status of Art Education
258
Conclusions
260
Toward a Harmonious Confluence
262
Notes
267
References
273
Index
291
About the Author
305
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