A History of Business in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550
This book demolishes the widely held view that the phrase 'medieval business' is an oxymoron. The authors review the entire range of business in medieval western Europe, probing its Roman and Christian heritage to discover the economic and political forces that shaped the organization of agriculture, manufacturing, construction, mining, transportation and marketing. Businessmen's responses to the devastating plagues, famines, and warfare that beset Europe in the late Middle Ages are equally well covered. Medieval businessmen's remarkable success in coping with this hostile new environment was 'a harvest of adversity' that prepared the way for the economic expansion of the sixteenth century. Two main themes run through this book. First, the force and direction of business development in this period stemmed primarily from the demands of the elite. Second, the lasting legacy of medieval businessmen was less their skillful adaptations of imported inventions than their brilliant innovations in business organization.
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Economics culture and geography of early medieval trade
Tools of trade business organization
Traders and their tools
The politics of business
Business gets bigger the supercompany phenomenon
The new business environment of the Middle Ages
Business responses to the new environment
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accounting agriculture Antwerp artisans banking Bardi became began Black Death Bruges businessmen capital cargoes cash Champagne fairs Chapter church cities cloth commercial commodities companies cost Datini demand despite developed early economic England English wool especially European example expanded exports fairs fifteenth century fish Flanders Flemish Florence Florentine foreign fourteenth century France Fugger Genoa Genoese German grain guilds Hanse High Middle Ages historians important increasing increasingly industry investment Italian Italy Jacques Coeur labor late medieval late Middle Ages later loans Low Countries manufacturing markets Medici Medici Bank medieval business medieval Europe Mediterranean merchants metals mining money supply northern Europe organization partnership percent Peruzzi political production profit regional role royal ships silver sixteenth southern Spain spices super-companies taxes teenth century textile thirteenth century throughout tion towns trade transport twelfth century urban usury Venetian Venice venture western Europe woolens
Page i - Murray is associate professor of history at the University of Cincinnati. He is currently at work on an extended study of the society and economy of Bruges in the fourteenth century.